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Western Civilization I
Study Guide 2 Ancient Greece

* Textbook Chapter 1 (pp. 29-45)
* Tyrtaeus of Sparta and Solon of Athens (Source Reader pp. 42-45) * Thucydides, History of the Hellenes (PDF)

Study Questions
1.) Read Thucydides' History of the Hellenes.  Why do Greeks call their country "Hellas" and themselves "Hellenes"? (Extra Credit: Why do we call them "Greeks"?)  What did the various groups and cities in this region have in common, and how were they distinct from the "barbarians"? 2.) What distinguished the Greek city-states (poleis) of the Archaic and Classical Periods from Bronze-Age cities and empires in the Near East? 3.) Athens and Sparta were the two most important cities in Archaic/Classical Greece.  What do the works of Tyrtaeus and Solon tell us about the values of each city?

Identifications: You should be able to describe the essential facts of each of these items and explain their historical significance.

Bronze Age
-Minoan Civilization (Crete):
-Knossos: city of minos
-Mycenaean Civilization (Greek mainland):
-Mycenae:
-Writing systems: Linear A, Linear B
-Troy: City
-Trojan War: war in tro after Helen wife of sparta’s king kidnapped -“Systems collapse”:
Greek “Dark Age”:
-Homer, Iliad story about Trojan war, Odyssey:author of ilad. -Hesiod author , Theogony, work of hesiod Works and Days:

Archaic Period
-Olympic Games:
-Colonization
-Polis (city-state)
-Citizenship/politeia
-Hoplite infantry: A hoplite was primarily a free citizen who was usually individually responsible for procuring his armour and weapon.

-Sparta
-Helots: were a subjugated population group that formed the main population of Laconia and Messenia -Athens
-Development of Athenian democracy: Solon: Solon was an Athenian statesman, lawmaker, and poet. He is remembered particularly for his efforts to legislate against political, economic, and moral decline in archaic Athens Cleisthenes: Cleisthenes was a noble Athenian...
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