University of Phoenix
July 19, 2010
The study of the mind and behavior is the core or basic concept to the school of psychology. An individual’s mind and how it functions has spawn over a several dozen of theories, schools of thought and scientific methodologies on how to shape or predict human behavior. The most curious of them all is the aspect of normal and abnormal psychology. What exactly is normal and abnormal psychology? What constitutes and defines what should be deemed a health mind versus an unhealthy one is the difference between normal and abnormal psychology. Brief History of Abnormal Psychology
Hippocrates of Cos (ca. 460–377 BC), a Greek physician who lived on an island called Cos, off the coast of present day Turkey has been referred to as the “Father of rational medicine.” Hippocrates ushered in a new practice of treatment which was based on physical causes; which were opposite of the norm of the times where illness was attributed to supernatural beliefs and religion. Hippocrates helped in redirecting the focus on mental illness as one the stemmed from chemical imbalances in the brain rather than animistic forces. Another earlier thought of abnormal psychology was the disorder known as hysteria. This was considered among the Greeks as a disease suffered primarily by women, and it was believed that its symptoms traveled around the body causing “hysteria” to whatever area it resided. Although this was the belief among the ancient Greek physicians, a paradigm shift has bridged cultures and worldviews to a more scientific approach to abnormal psychopathology. As the cultures change so has the historical context as it relates to the growing knowledge and scientific advancements of exploring and explaining psychopathology.
Abnormal Psychology/Scientific Paradigm/Socio-cultural Theoretical Models
According to Thomas Kuhn, the science of abnormal psychology has progressed by...