Historical Developments in Nursing Research

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Historical Developments in Nursing Research
Tara Skeates
University of Phoenix
Issues and Strategies in Nursing Research Utilization
Dr. Mirella Brooks
September 31, 2006
Historical Developments in Nursing Research
Nursing as a profession has been witness to numerous changes. From the environments within which care is given to patients, to the type of dress that nurses wear, many obstacles have been met and overcome up to the present day. Research within the profession of nursing is one aspect that has observed numerous changes as it has developed. This paper will discuss and highlight significant events within the history of nursing research to describe how research evolved as an entity as well as how the utilization of research has impacted the health care delivery system and care provided to patients. In 1850, at the beginning of the Crimean War, Florence Nightingale, who is known as the first nurse researcher, began to collect statistical information and epidemiological data in order to change the methods in which care was given to military personnel. Improvements were made to the environments in which they were attended, which had a profound impact on decreasing the mortality from wounds received while in battle. Throughout the 1920's to 1940's nursing research primarily focused on nursing education and the impact that varying levels of teaching would have to the profession. In the 1950's research was focused on the role of nurses in the health care system. Due to an increasing amount of interest, Nursing Research, a journal which "covers key issues, including health promotion, human responses to illness, acute care nursing research, symptom management, cost-effectiveness, vulnerable populations, health services, and community-based nursing studies" (Nursing Research, 2006), was first published in 1952. In 1955 the American Nurses Foundation (ANF), an affiliate of the American Nurses Association (ANA), rewarded the first grant...
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