EVOLUTION AND HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF OB
OB is an old concept because every civilisation has taken interest in behaviour within organisation. Rikki and Susan Phelps write, “It is an interesting phenomenon that which is touted as fundamentally ‘new management practice’ is essentially the readapting of existing ‘old management .Truths”. Fred luthans stated, “there is no question that the early practicing management pioneers, such a Henri Fayol, Henry Ford, Alfred P.sloan, and even the scientific managers at the end of the 19th century such as Frederick W.Taylor, recognised he behavioural side of management. However, they did not emphasize the human dimension; they let it play only a minor role in comparison with the roles of hierarchical structure, specialization, and the management functions of planning and controlling.”
In the past organisational behaviour has tended to be based on psychology. The development of OB has been an integral part of the development of business and management studies as a whole. However , it was only 100 years ago that people first became interested in studying behaviour in organisation and only during the last 50 years that it gained widespread acceptance. Briefly we can search for the roots of modern OB and the most influential forces in its development within four major eras of its development.
Early practices and thinking
1. The classical era
2. The behavioural era
3. OB today
OB today has become an interdisciplinary conglomerate. It can be viewed as an interdisciplinary application of behavioural science knowledge.
Submitted by: Submitted to: Sarika Gupta Ms. Bhumija chauhan Raj kaur
Poonam Singh rajawat
We now will describe the historical evolution of Ob and its most influential forces and thinking in various eras:
EARLY PRACTICES AND THINKING
Progress in nay discipline is measured by significance events, discoveries, and contributions over time. The early practices in Ob can be dated back to the late 1800s. Ob was supported by the following different historic influences and events.
Greek Philosophers: It is a general assumption that wherever and whenever organisations existed human relations had been practised. Interest in the study of human behaviour and its implication in various organisational situational can be traced back to the period of Greek philosophers, notably, Aristotle and Plato.
Opening of laboratories: a number of laboratories were opened in universities in Europe and in the United States to study the problems of human behaviour experimentally. Of course, industrial revolution paved the way for the advent of the human relations in industry.
Industrial Revolution (1700-1785): As a result of Industrial revolution in England, many nations changed from a rural society to the workshops. Management of the workshops of England was characterized by an emphasis on efficiency, strict controls, and rigid rules and procedures.
Industrialization: a new industrial era began in the United status around the time of the civil war. In the period, large industrial manufacturing complexes grew in importance.
Early Thinkers: Early thinkers promoted ideas that had major influence in shaping the direction and boundaries of OB. These were:
I. Adam smith: He put a brilliant argument on the...