Historical Background

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HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
Before 1850, Cuba was governed by Spain. However, the United States wanted to acquire Cuba for the following reasons. Firstly for commercial reason that is, Cuba would be a good market for American goods. Secondly, a slave state, planters form the Southern States of the United States wanted to acquire Cuba so that it would be made into a state where slavery could be continued. Thirdly, a military base, many Americans felt that Cuba could be used as a military base to protect Florida since that island was located only 149km away from the United States. Lastly, some Americans wanted to end Spanish rule in Cuba, they felt that the United States should replace Spain as the main country to govern Cuba. Before 1860, the United States made two attempts to acquire Cuba. They were, the United States gave money and weapons to Nascio Lopez to invade Cuba, however, these attempts were unsuccessful. Secondly, in 1854, the United States President James Polk offered Spain $113 million to purchase Cuba. The United States stated that if Spain referred they would invade Cuba. However the Spanish government refused to sell Cuba to the United States. Between 1861 - 1865 American interest in Cuba decreased as a civil war (fighting within a country) began in the United States over the issue of slavery. American businessmen carried out a lot of trade with Cuba in the following ways: firstly, the United States supplied items example clothing and tools. Secondly, the American businessmen invested a lot of money in the sugarcane, tobacco and railway industry. Thirdly, the Cuban businessmen exported sugar and tobacco to the United States. Before 1895, Cuba was governed by Spain. However many Cubans wanted to gain independence from Spain for the following reason, the Spanish imposed high taxes on the Cuban people. The Cuban did not like how Spain governed their country. Spain was the least important of Cuba’s export customer since Spain did little trading with Cuba....
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