Whether you choose to refer to our immigrants from the south as Hispanics, Latino's or their actual ethnicity, we cannot deny that they are growing in numbers at a accelerated rate in the U.S. Education, television, politics, to the local supermarket are starting to cater more and more to the Hispanic market. If your one of the few still with basic television services, you will notice that there are only about seven channels. Out of that seven, there are at least three Spanish channels; even HBO has a premium Spanish channel. There have probably been a number of times that you have turned on the television, saw your favorite movie, turned to the channel, just to realize it was only broadcasting in Spanish. Television is just one of the latest converts of the U.S. becoming Spanish friendly. Education has also have made some major changes. Currently, there is a lively debate on English-Only versus English Immersion programs. Both side of the fences, seem to have good points. Just like education, you are also seeing some changes in Politicians. As more and more Hispanics become citizens of the U.S., Politicians are starting to see how important it is to include them in their base of support. Mexican Americans
Mexican Americans are one of the largest immigrant groups in America. They are descendents of Europeans and indigenous people of Mexico. They make up about 12.5% of the population and 64% of the total U.S. Hispanic/Latino population. Their primary language spoken is Spanish. There are definitely language barriers. The majority of adults tend to speak very little English; however, you find that it is the opposite with children. Due to school and the ability for children to make friends easily, younger Mexican children tend to learn English more readily. Therefore, it is very common for Mexican adults to have their children translate for them. 2005 finds increases in average personal and household incomes for Mexican Americans in the 21st century. U.S. born Mexican Americans earn more and are represented more in the middle and upper-class segments more than most recently arriving Mexican immigrants. However, Mexicans are not well represented in the professional fields. Socially, members of the Mexican American family tend to stay close to home. They have a close familial support system and activities tend to revolve around the family. Like other Hispanic communities, Mexicans tend to self segregate and have become more culturally separate in the late 20th and early 21st century. Puerto Ricans
According to The National Puerto Rican Coalition, Inc. (n.d.), "The beginnings of the relations between Puerto Ricans and the United States can be traced back to 1898, when Puerto Rico was ceded to the US as a result of the Spanish-American War. In 1917, Puerto Ricans were granted US citizenship with the enactment of the Jones Act. Since 1952 the island of Puerto Rico has functioned as a self-governing territory of the United States pursuant to a Commonwealth Constitution authorized by the US Congress.” (From Neighbors to Citizens, para. 1). Puerto Ricans have a very diverse culture. They are historically mixed with Spanish immigrants, African slaves, Chinese, French, Italian, German and Lebanese immigrants. Theirs is a rich culture that has been infused with all of those different nationalities According to the National Puerto Rican Coalition, Inc. (n.d.), "The Puerto Rican community in the United States has experienced significant socioeconomic progress in recent years, albeit educational and economic gaps between Puerto Ricans and other ethnic/racial groups. In 2002, the average individual income for this community was $33,927.” (From Neighbors to Citizens, para. 5). Most Puerto Ricans speak both English and Spanish and are the largest multi-lingual group in America. Puerto Ricans are different from a lot of immigrants in that they love their country, and at the same time accept the free association with the United States,...
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