History Unit 3 Study Notes
Treaty of Versailles: Many Germans thought that they had been cheated on. They believed that they never actually lost the war and just made an agreement to end the war. Many soldiers then joined the right hand parties such as the Freikorps or the Nazi party. Economic Problems: After World War 1 and the Treaty of Versailles, Germany’s economy went to bare minimum. The government could not support its citizens and the people in Germany did not like them either. Right winged groups said that they will not adhere to the terms of the Treaty of Versailles thus gaining popularity. Depression and Unemployment: As the economy was at bare minimum, the currency (Deutschmark) was reduced to nearly zero. This caused people to not prosper during the times of great boom in the 1920’s. However, when the Great Depression hit the situation was worsened.
Political Instability: Many Germans wanted a new leader that could support them during the Great Depression. They called on Adolf Hitler for help. Hitler was a young man who took part in WW1 as a soldier and was currently unemployed. In 1920, Hitler decided to make his own political party called the National Socialist German Workers Party also known as the Nazis. By 1921, he was the party’s leader.
Nazi State: When Hitler became the Nazi leader in 1921, he enforced some laws such as all the recruits of the Nazi state have to wear military uniforms. This increased fear in the minds of the public and more recruits joined. In USA, when Wall Street crashed, it made more people vote for the Nazi’s as they joined their forces and got paid a fairly well amount. In 1933 Von Papen convinced Hindenburg that Hitler should become Chancellor. Additionally, in January 1933, the Reichstag building bunt down. A communist admitted to burning it down. As Hitler was chancellor, he was able to convince people that the communists were trying to take over by inflicting terrorism. He was then allowed to have communists banned from the Reichstag. This allowed him to pass the enabling act which was: HITLER CAN RULE ALONE FOR FOUR YEARS. THERE IS NO NEED TO CONSULT THE REICHSTAG. In August 1934, the president Hindenburg died which gave Hitler the chance to become Germany’s new president. As Hitler became president, he used the media to convey the beliefs of the Nazi’s in order to get more people. He did propaganda efforts such as posters. He believed that posters were the most important way of spreading a message as they are cheap and easy to remember. As president, he brought forth 3 policies which were called the Nuremberg laws. 1)
Jews can no longer live amongst us as equals
Jews can no longer live amongst us
Jews can no longer live.
Steps to War:
In 1931, Japan conquers Manchuria and the League of Nations does not take action. In 1933, Germany expands its army and air force even though the Treaty of Versailles said otherwise. The League of Nations does not take action. In 1935, Italy invades Ethiopia to expand its territory and extract oil. The League of Nations does not take action. In 1936, Hitler invades the Rhineland. The Treaty of Versailles states that Germany is not allowed to move within 50 km of the Rhine River. Nobody takes action. In March of 1938, Germany invades Austria without a single shot being fired. In September of 1938, Britain and France leaders meet Hitler and proper an agreement that Germany can have the Sudetenland. This is called appeasement. In October of 1938, Hitler allies with Mussolini. Mussolini allows Hitler to take over Austria and other territories in Northern and Central Europe. Hitler allows him to take over Southern Europe. In 1940, Japan joins in creating the Axis Powers. In March of 1939, Hitler occupies all of Czechoslovakia.
In August of 1939, Hitler and Stalin make an agreement on not to fight each other. They also decided to split Poland between the two of them. On September 1st 1939, Hitler invades Poland....
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