Topics: Germany, Austria, World War II Pages: 2 (402 words) Published: January 18, 2013
Identify the reasons given by various historians as to who was responsible of the outbreak of ww1. Supply evidence to support these claims.

* Sidney Fay, American Historians:
* Argues no European power wanted war
* Germany did not plot the war, defective guilt
* Austria Hungary was most responsible but acting in self defense * Serbia did not want war but was forced to fight
* France only for support of Russia
* Britain tried to make piece but did not try to restrain Russia or France. * Fritz Fischer, German Historian:
* German historian who gave a thesis claiming that Germany were at fault for the war. * There were many other historians such as L. C. F. Turner, G. Ritter who argued against this view. * However historians such as I. Geiss, J. Roehl and V. R. Berghan supported this line of argument. * Fischer claims that Germany deliberately engineered the war in pursuit of expansionist aims, which were a prelude to Hitler. * G.P. Gooch, British Historian:

* “The belief that any nation or statesman was the arch criminal in 1914 is no longer held by serious students of history” * Orthodox, con-Germany
* Gerhard Ritter, German Historian
* Fischer was nationally disloyal
* No evidence of unified German plan of world domination * Germany acted in self defense to protect existence
* Germany only supported Austria Hungary as firm ally * Germany late in realizing they could not localize conflict * German government put too much reliance on military planners * Steven Lee, British Historian

* Lee holds a revisionist view claiming that Germany was forced into war because of the growing threat of power in Europe. This was Russia expanding it’s armies and France increasing it’s conscription by a year. * He also claims that while Germany and Austria Hungary may have initiated the war, the allies did little to try and...
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free