His 115 = Civil War

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Civil War
HIS/115
July 24, 2011

Civil War
1787 – Northwest Ordinance
* Included provisions that outlawed slavery throughout the territory by congress * Created social and economic tension between the North and the South

Aug 1846 – Wilmot Proviso
* Proviso to prevent the introduction of slavery and all African Americans in any territory acquired from Mexico * Considered to be one of the first actions/events to lead to secession and the Civil War

1846 – The Mexican War
* When the Mexican War ended, new territories were to be admitted as new states * Fueled conflicts because the Southerners wanted the right to expand slavery to new and different territories

Sep 1850 – Clay Compromise of 1850
* A group of five bills that neutralized a four year conflict between the Southern slave states and the free Northern states over expansion of slavery * Helped avoid secession for the time being

1850 – Fugitive Slave Act becomes Law
* The Fugitive Slave Act was passed as part of the Compromise of 1850. This act declared it was a federal crime punishable by fines to aid escaping or suspected slaves

* Abolitionists increased their efforts against slavery

1854 – Kansas – Nebraska Act
* Also referred to as “Bleeding Kansas” and allowed territories to determine if they would allow slavery within their boundaries or not * This fueled the conflict over popular sovereignty between pro-slave and anti-slave forces

Mar 1857 – Dred Scott Decision
* A decision made by the Supreme Court that all blacks – slaves or free – were not and could never become citizens of the United States (Davidson, et.al. 2006). * This decision created more tensions amongst abolitionists to increase their efforts

Jun 1858 – Lincoln gives the “House Divided” speech
* The speech that was given upon his election for the Senator of Illinois. This was the starting point for his futile campaign for the senate seat against Stephen A. Douglas * Speech created a lasting image of the danger of disunion due to slavery

Oct 1859 – John Brown Raided Harper’s Ferry
* John Brown raided the arsenal at Harper’s Ferry Virginia but was later found and convicted of treason and was hung * This particular event provoked violence and gave the abolitionists from the North a sense of strength

Nov 1860 – Abraham Lincoln Elected President
* Lincoln elected president on Nov. 6, 1860
* The South threatened secession if Lincoln won the election

Dec 1860 – South Carolina Secedes from the Union

Feb 1861 – The South creates their own Government and elects Jefferson Davis to be the first president of the Confederate States of America * Lincoln chose to preserve the Union at all costs and tensions once again flared as the South continued to secede

Apr 1861 – First Battle of Fort Sumter
* Negotiations were unsuccessful and the first shot rang out on April 12, 1861 as Fort Sumter was attacked and forced to surrender * With that shot the Civil War began

The American Civil War would prove to be one of the most devastating events to ever take place in history and would forever change the lives of Americans. There is not one clear cause for the start of the Civil War but instead a series of social, political, and economic factors that came together in ways that would eventually lead the states to war. Although there is not one specific factor that started the war, it is said that the War Between the States was dominated by the ongoing debate over slavery. This was a point of great significance to both the North and South. Judging by the timeline of events that led up to the Civil War, the attention seemed to be focused on the economic differences between the states. The timeline above illustrates diverse social, political, and economic changes/events that impacted America and led the states to go to war. The following explanations will further clarify how a few key events were more...
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