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Part I
Point Possible: 80
Of the following three questions, answer two of your choice. 1. In an 1845 editorial about Texas Annexation, newspaper editor John O'Sullivan argued that it was the "manifest design of providence" that the United States occupy all territory in the continent. Manifest Destiny, as the concept came to be known, swept proponents enthusiastically into its wake and left others concerned about the future. Go to Manifest Destiny (Links to an external site.) at PBS Online. Read its introduction and two additional articles of your choice at the PBS site that address issues associated with Manifest Destiny and the Mexican-American War.

a. Identify the articles' authors, titles, major actors, and events, including but not limited to Texas Annexation, Polk, and Santa Anna. Manifest destiny was a growing movement for Americans to fin their national identity. The people of the United States felt it was their mission to extend the "boundaries of freedom" to others by imparting their idealism and belief in democratic institutions to those who were capable of self-government. The Texas Annexation was a 1845 incorporation of Texas into the United States after President Polk battled the republic of Mexico. On March 2 1836, Texas declared independence from Mexico was which followed by the battle of San Jacinto. In 1837 the US moved to recognize Texas into the states. General Santa Anna traveled to Washington DC for discussions and eventually renounces all guarantees made to the Republic of Texas as a condition to his restoration of freedom. President Polk signs the Joint Resolution, making Texas officially the 28th state on this date. b. In a carefully constructed essay of at least two pages, identify the argument of each article. Evaluate the logic and rationale of the argument, based on what you have learned thus far in the course, and propose your own thesis about Manifest Destiny. Manifest Destiny is a reoccurring phenomenon amongst communities where the population feels the urge to find an identity and progress. This identity was a struggle for the newly formed republics of Mexico and the United States. The United States was experiencing high growth from immigration and birthrates, and was seeking identity through expansion of civil nationalism. The growth in nationalism and population lead for a demand for power and expansion as frontier land was an opportunity for inexpensive living and in some cases free. Mexico’s Manifest Destiny started when they received independency from Spain’s monarchy and they searched for their own identity. Constant warfare with Native Americans discouraged people from settling into new areas and their national military was incapable of defending their fast boarders. Mexican society found emocratic, self-reliant and egalitarian ways to be at their core. Miguel Ángel González Quiroga writes of his experiences in The Power of an Idea. The divisions of Mexico came from the many struggles of Manifest Destiny. ‘To extend American democracy to the rest of the continent was to place a mantle of legitimacy on what was essentially an insatiable ambition for land.” The manifest destiny of Mexico was no Match for the Manifest Destiny of the United States due to the lack of organization and vast borders. Native American displacement was an issue amid the US expansion. In A Conversation With R. David Edmunds, "Columbia," the great American angel or woman, floating over the plains. “Columbia” has stayed a symbol in American popular culture with such icons as the Columbia space shuttle and Columbia pictures. Another interesting symbol of Manifest Destiny shows a railroad train coming out of the east with smoke billowing out of its boiler. US expansion brought on Anglo-axon traditions to areas that were not fond of them. One of the legacies of the war was the continued expansion during the latter part of the 19th century and 20th century. Manifest Destiny was a genuine...