Hiroshima and Nagasaki

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HISTORY PROJECT
The word ’history’ is derived from the Greek noun ’historia’ meaning ’inquiry or research.’  History is a narration of the events which have happened among mankind, including an account of the rise and fall of nations, as well as of other great changes which have affected the political and social condition of the human race. The importance of history is in its capacity to help one to draw conclusions from the past events. It may be said that history is to the human race, what memory is to each man. It sheds the light of the past upon the present, thus helping one to understand oneself, by making one acquainted with other peoples. Also, as one studies the rise and fall of empires and civilizations, the lessons of the past help one to avoid the pitfalls of the present. History makes one’s life richer by giving meaning to the books one reads, the cities one visits or the music one hears. It also broadens one’s outlook by presenting to one an admixture of races, a mingling of cultures and a spectacular drama of the making of the modern world out of diverse forces. Another importance of history is that it enables one to grasp one’s relationship with one’s past. For example if one wonders why the U.S. flag has 48 stars or why Great Britain follows monarchy, one has to turn to history for an answer. History is of immense value to social scientists engaged in research. Thus the political scientist doing research on the parliamentary form of government, has to draw his materials from the treasure trove of history. It preserves the traditional and cultural values of a nation, and serves as a beacon light, guiding society in confronting various crises. History is indeed, as Allen Nerins puts it, "a bridge connecting the past with the present and pointing the road to the future."

The knowledge of past events provide you guidance and direction. examples of how the Spanish American War, the U.S. military experience in Cuba, and Muslim counter insurgency in the Philippines shed light on our world today. if history is not studied and understood, we will be setting ourselves up to repeat the mistakes of the past.

There are several examples of how similar conflicts in the past have a common theme for today.

The study of history makes a person more knowledgeable . That knowledge can always make a difference today for a better future . The study of historical decisions can show both the correct and incorrect path to take. It should at least give the decision maker an understanding of how past decisions played out. This is why it’s important for us to take time out of their busy schedules to study history.

HIROSHIMA & NAGASAKI
On August 6, 1945, at 9:15 AM Tokyo time, an American B-29 warplane, the "Enola Gay" piloted by Paul W. Tibbets, dropped a uranium atomic bomb, code named 'Little Boy’—a reference to Roosevelt on Hiroshima, Japan's seventh largest city. the bomb was 3 m. (9 ft. 9 in.) long, used uranium 235, had the power of 12.5 kilotons of TNT, and weighed 3,600 kg. (nearly 8,000 lb.). In minutes, half of the city vanished. According to U.S. estimates, 60,000 to 70,000 people were killed or missing, 140,000 were injuried many more were made homeless as a result of the bomb. Deadly radiation reached over 100,000. In the blast, thousands died instantly. The city was unbelievably devastated. Of its 90,000 buildings, over 60,000 were demolished. Another bomb was assembled at Tinian Island on August 6. On August 8, Field Order No.17 issued from the 20th Air Force Headquarters on Guam called for its use the following day on either Kokura, the primary target, or Nagasaki, the secondary target. Three days after Hiroshima, the B-29 bomber, "Bockscar" piloted by Sweeney, reached the sky over Kokura on the morning of August 9 but abandoned the primary target because of smoke cover and changed course for Nagasaki. Surveys disclosed that severe radiation injury occurred to all exposed persons within a...
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