Hiroshima is the capital of Hiroshima Prefecture. It is also the largest city in the Chugoku region of western Honshu, the largest island of Japan. Hiroshima gained municipality status on April 1, 1889, and was designated on April 1, 1980, by government ordinance. Hiroshima is the first city, destroyed by a nuclear weapon, the atomic bomb. The United States dropped the bomb at 8:15am on August 6, 1945, near the end of World War Two. The name of the atomic bomb was called 'Little Boy', and it was dropped with an American B-29 bomber, the Enola-Gay. About 80,000 people were killed. By the end of the year, estimated 90,000-140,000 people died because of the radiation and injuries. Aproximately 69% of the city's buildings were completely destroyed and lots of others were hardly damaged. The bomb 'Little Boy', was the first atomic bomb to be used as a weapon. It was developed during the Manhatten Project. It derived its explosive power from the nuclear fusion of uranium 235. It exploded with a destructive power equivalent to between 13 and 18 kilotons of TNT. The design of the bomb used in Hiroshima, was not tested in advance, unlike the more complex plutonium bomb (Fat Man).
Hiroshima was related into the World War Two, even if it was a less important city.
In the final stages of World War Two, the United States dropped two atomic bombs over Japan.
On May 10–11, 1945, "The Target Committee", led by J. Robert Oppenheimer, thought about Kyoto, Hiroshima, Yokohama and Kokura as possible targets.
This because the comitee which was located in Los Almos and decided how and where the bomb would be dropped, had the following criteria:
1: The Target had to be larger then three miles in the diameter and was important in an
2: The shock wave had to create lots of damage in the area.
3: It was unlikely, that someone was going to attack the target in August 1945.
This cities were... [continues]
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