Instruction by: Richard Sandor, M.D., Camino Medical Group, Orthopedics Scott Brone, P.T., C.S.C.S., Physical Therapy
These exercises are designed for rehabilitation of ankle sprains. They should be used under the guidance of a physician or health care professional. Exercises are to be performed in a step-wise fashion. DO NOT move on to the next step until all exercises can be com pleted in the previous step with little pain. Walking is permitted within the limits of pain. Recovery following an ankle sprain is highly variable. Sometimes patients can progress from injury to completion of all exercises in as little as a week, while others may take six weeks or longer. If you have any significant difficulty with these exercises, contact your health care professional. STEP 1 STEP 2 STEP 3 STEP 4 STEP 5 STEP 6 STEP 7 Exercises 1 and 2 Add exercises 3 through 5 Change from doing exercise 5 to exercise 6 Continue exercises 2 and 6; add exercises 7 and 8 Add exercises 9 and 10 Continue exercises 6 and 8; add 11 and 12 Once you have progressed to step 6 and can do these exercises comfortably, you may progress to a light jog on a treadmill or level ground for 10 to 20 minutes.
If you have no improvement after one week, contact your physician. This patient handout was produced by the Camino Medical Group Department of Orthopedics for the purpose of better assisting our patients with their recovery. It is important that you follow the directions your physician has prescribed in order to benefit from the rehabilitation process.
1. While seated with the edge of the heel on the floor, draw the entire alphabet one letter at a time by moving the injured ankle and using the great toe as the “pen”. Do two sets of (A-Z), two to three times a day.
1. 2. Sit with the foot flat on the floor and facing straight ahead. Rotate the affected foot to mimic a windshield wiper blade: Pivot the foot outward and touch the inside edge of the foot to the floor (A) Rotate it inward and touch the outside of the foot to the floor (B). Do two sets of 10 to 15 repetitions, two to three times a day.
A n k l e E x e rc i s e s
S E AT E D C A L F R A I S E
1. 2. 3. Sit with the injured foot flat on the floor. Lift the heel as far as possible while keeping the toes on the floor. Return the heel to the floor.
S I N G L E L E G S TA N D
p a r t i a l w e i g h t - b e a ri n g Exercise 4
1. 2. Stand while placing one hand on a table. Shift some of the weight to the injured foot for 15 seconds. Increase the time spent on the injured foot by 15 seconds until you can stand for 45 seconds. Gradually increase the amount of weight supported by the injured foot until full body weight is used. Do two sets of 10 to 15 repetitions, two to three times a day.
4. Do two sets of 10 to 15 repetitions, two to three times a day.
EVERSION AND INVERSION ISOMETRICS
Exercise 5 Eversion
1. 2. 3. (A) Stand and place the outside of the injured foot against a table leg or door jamb.
Push outward with the foot for 2 to 3 seconds. Do two sets of 10 to 15 repetitions, two to three times a day.
1. 2. 3. (B) Stand with the inside of the foot against the table leg or door jamb. Push inward for 2 to 3 seconds. Do two sets of 10 to 15 repetitions, two to three times a day.
A n k l e E x e rc i s e s
EXERCISE BAND-EVERSION AND INVERSION
Exercise 6 Eversion
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Sit with the involved leg straight. Tie a loop in an elastic exercise band(Theraband*) and attach the other end to a heavy object such as a table leg.
Place the loop around the ball of the foot (A). Rotate (evert) the foot away from the table leg and return to the starting position (1 repetition).
Do not rotate the leg to do the exercise. Do two sets of 10 to 15 repetitions,...