Hip Replacement Surgery

Topics: Rheumatoid arthritis, Orthopedic surgery, Hip Pages: 2 (523 words) Published: December 6, 2011
What is Hip Replacement Surgery? Or otherwise, known as (Hip Arthroplasty.) Hip replacement surgery is an operation that will replace your natural hip with an artificial joint. In the normal hip, the two bones of the hip joint fit together like a ball and socket. The top part of the thigh bone which is the femur is shaped like a ball and it fits into the socket cavity of the pelvic bone. Ligaments hold the joint together and stabilize it. Hip replacement surgery is the second most common joint replacement procedure, closely following knee replacement surgery. Older adult patients, including senior citizens over the age of 65 have benefited the most from hip replacement surgery. E.g.: Experience has shown that a hip replacement lasts for at least 10 years in 85% of patients. (2005-2010, Active Joints Orthopedics) There are three main reasons why most patients have hip replacement surgery and they are: Osteoarthritis is the most common reason for hip replacement. It occurs when the cartilage on the end of the bone begins wearing away, causing pain and stiffness. When the cartilage wears away completely, the bones rub directly against each other causing decreased mobility and chronic pain. Osteoarthritis is most common in people 50 and older, but it’s also prevalent in those with a family history of arthritis or lifestyles that add stress to the hip joints like athletes or laborers. Rheumatoid arthritis is when patients have damage to the hip joint from rheumatoid arthritis, or ankylosing spondylitis. Rhematoid arthritis actually is an autoimmune disease in which the synovial membrane becomes inflamed. The membrane then produces too much synovial fluid, damaging the articular cartilage. Traumatic arthritis could result from a fracture or infected hip. It’s the most common form of the disease. It sometimes results from a serious hip injury or fracture. The articular cartilage becomes damaged and over time causes hip pain and stiffness. The word...
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