Hindus Civilization

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INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION

WHAT IS INDUS CIVILIZATION?
An ancient civilization that flourished in the Indus and Ghaggar-Hakra river valleys Primarily in Sindh province of Pakistan

THE CIVILIZATION IS SOMETIMES REFERRED TO AS:
Indus-Sarasvati Civilization
Harappan Civilization

MAJOR CITIES
Harappa
Mohenjo-Daro

HARAPPA
Harappa is a city in Punjab.
Northeast Pakistan, about 35km (22 miles) southwest of Sahiwal. The modern town is located near the former course of the Ravi River. The ancient city existed from about 3300 BCE until 1600 BCE and is believed to have had as many as 40,000 residents It's culture extended well beyond the bounds of present day in Pakistan.

HARAPPAN CONTRIBUTIONS
EARLY HARAPPAN
Centralized authority
Trade networks linked this culture with related regional cultures and distant sources of raw materials, including lapis lazuli and other materials for bead-making.

MATURED HARAPPAN
High priority on hygiene
Sewerage and drainage systems
The massive citadels of Indus cities, which protected the Harappans from floods and attackers. They were among the first to develop a system of uniform weights and measures. Harappan engineers followed the decimal division of measurement for all practical purposes, including the measurement of mass as revealed by their hexahedron weights. They were among the first to develop a system of uniform weights and measures. New techniques in metallurgy and produced copper, bronze, lead and tin. A touchstone bearing gold streaks was found in Banawali, which was probably used for testing the purity of gold (such a technique is still used in some parts of India). Bullock carts that is identical to those seen throughout South Asia today, as well as boats.

RELIGION AND BELIEFS
Mother goddess
Hinduism
They also cremated their dead and buried the ashes in burial urns. Vedic "lord of creatures"

LATE HARAPPAN
Gradual decline began to...
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