Hinduism Paper Hum 130

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  • Topic: Hinduism, Vedas, Upanishads
  • Pages : 2 (513 words )
  • Download(s) : 59
  • Published : July 23, 2011
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The Hindu religion is a massive collaboration of teachings, beliefs, ceremonies, rituals, and deities. Sanatana Dharma is another way to describe Hinduism because Sanatana describes the eternal, and Dharma describes ageless. This reflects the belief that the truths of Hinduism have always existed. It includes such a variety of expressions that it is difficult to define Hinduism proper. It encompasses the extremes of abstinence and sensuality, deity devotion and philosophical abstraction, and also major differences in the material and metaphysical world. The commonality of many of the systems that Hinduism is based, are the Vedas. They are the ancient metaphysical teachings that are said not to have been written by humans. The three parts are the Brahmanas, the Aranyakas and the Upanishads. The most practiced systems of Hinduism that relate to the Vedas are Samkhya, Advaita, Vedanta, and yoga. Many cultural and societal influences have become the foundation of Indian society because of the Vedic age. During the Vedic age, Brahmins were priests and philosophers that had to maintain spiritual purity so the orderly workings of society divided the people into castes. The Brahmins were at the top because of their spiritual and holy place. Next there was the nobility class which included kings, warriors and vassals. They protected society as a whole and functioned as the government. Vaishayas were basically the business class. Mostly white collar workers, economists, businessmen, farmers and merchants all filled this class. The next class, the shudra, was artisans and manual laborers. A fifth class had developed over time which would be considered the poorest class. The untouchables, as they were known, held mainly the worst jobs of waste management and street sweeping which made them literally untouchable. The Vedic tradition over time had been evolving into a controlling entity instead of a religion. It was becoming increasingly controlled...
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