Hinduism & buddism
unlike most major religions, hinduism has no single founder & no single sacred text. The process probably began when the aryans combined their gods w/ the gods of indus valley civilizations. As a result, hinduism became one of the worlds most complex religions. “god is one, but wise people know it by many names”. The ancient proverb reflects the hindu belief that everything is part of the unchanging, all-powerful spiritual force called brahman. The most important of the hindu gods are brahma,the creator;vishnu,the preserver; & shiva, the destroyer.
To hindus, every person has an essential self or atman. Some view it as the same as brahman, & others as a form of brahman. The ultimate goal of existence, hindus believe, is achieving mokasha or union with brahman. To do that, individuals must free themselves from selfish desires that separate them from brahman. Most people cannot achieve moksha in a single lifetime &, therefore,believe in reincarnation.
In each existence,hindus believe a person can come closer to achieving moksha by obeying the law of karma. Karma refers to all the actions of a person's life that affect his or her fate in the next life. To hindus, all existence is ranked. Humans are closest to brahman. Then animals,plants,& objects like rock or water. Live a good life, & you will come back to try & find your moksha at a higher level.
To escape the wheel of fate, hinduism stresses the importance of dharma- the religious & moral duties of an individual. These duties vary from class,gender,age,occupation. Another moral principle is ahism, or nonviolence.
Hindus believe closely with a caste or social system into which people are born & rarely can change. The higher the caste, the stricter the rules. People in the higher castes had the strictest rules & could not marry outside their caste or face punishing, loss of jobs, homes,etc. The idea was that the higher the caste, the...
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