Hinduism & Buddhism

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 90
  • Published : November 19, 2012
Open Document
Text Preview
Hinduism
* A combination of a member of religious traditions in India * A polytheistic religion (More than one god)
* God is Brahman - Creator and creation, made manifest in 3 persons: 1. Brahma - Creator
2. Vishnu - Preserver
3. Shiva - Destroyer
* According to Hinduism, our true self is Brahman
* The human soul is Atman
* Basic Hindu phrase is "Atman is Brahman" or "Tat Tatum asi", meaning "That Thou Art!" * Goal of Hindu life:
1. Become perfected to the extent that the soul merges with the soul of god 2. No need to be born again in another human body
* Hindus believe that the human soul journeys through one life and then dies and is born again into a new body through "reincarnation" or "transmigration" * Samsara: Cycle of Rebirth
* Dharma: Ethical duties of a person
* Karma: Law of receiving what one deserves
* Hindus believe that the soul is reborn into a higher stage of existence if the person has lived a good life * Moksha: The liberation from the Hindus endless cycles of rebirth * The path to Moksha which most followed is devotion

* Hindus believe in the Caste System. Social Groups in to which Hindus are born * 4 Main Castes:
1. Sedras - Laborers
2. Valeyas - Producers
3. Kshatrlyas - Administrators
4. Brahmias - Seers
* 4 Stages of Hindu Life:
1. Student - (Brahmancarin)
2. Householder -(Grihartha)
3. Retirement - Working out the philosophy of life (Vanapratha) 4. Wonderer - Free from all attachments of life (Sannyasin) * Sannyasin: The Stage of Life where one renounces family, name and any memories of the past * 4 Wants of Hinduism:

1. Pleasure
2. Success
3. Duty
4. Liberation
* Classic Period of Hinduism: Era when Hinduism becomes distinguished as a religion * In regards to other religions, Hinduism is tolerant
* Both Buddhism and Jainism grew out of Hinduism and were founded as reactions to Hinduism *...
tracking img