Hinduism and Islam are the third and second most popular religions in the world respectively. They differ in many respects - including idol worship, monotheism and their history. Islam is a monotheistic Abrahamic religion that originated in the Middle East in the 7th century CE with Prophet Muhammad. Hinduism on the other hand is a polytheistic religious tradition that originated in the Indian subcontinent in the pre-classical era (1500–500 BCE) and does not have a specific founder. Comparison chart
Improve this chart| Hinduism| Islam|
Geographical predominance:| India, Nepal| Middle-East , South Asia , Central Asia , South-East Asia , Balkans , Turkey , North-Africa , The Horn of Africa , and Sub-Saharan desert etc. Fastly spreading over North America and Europe.| Belief of God:| Several beliefs depending on school of thought: polytheism, monotheism, pantheism, etc.| God is the one True Creator. God has always existed, none existed before him and will exist forever. He transcends life and death. Surah Al Ikhlas (Chapter 112 in Al Quran) states this.| Scriptures:| Vedas, Upanishad, Puranas, Gita.| The Quran and the Hadith.| Means of salvation:| Reaching enlightenment by the Path of Knowledge, the Path of devotion, or the Path of Good Deeds.| Correct belief, Good deeds, Prayer, Dua, Repentance, Fasting, Jihad An-nafs (Struggling against your own desires), Pilgrimage (Hajj), Charity, Dhikr (remembrance of God), Recitation/Memorization of Quran| Practices:| Meditation, Yoga, contemplation, yagna (communal worship), offerings in the temple.| Islam has five pillars : (1)Shahadah [testify that god is one and Muhammad is his messenger] (2) five time prayer in a day (3)Fasting during Ramadan month (4)Zakat [charity to poor, etc]. (5) Hajj. There are also many other practises.| Place of origin:| Indian Subcontinent| Mecca , Saudi Arabia| Concept of Deity:| Dependent on...