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Hinduism and Buddhism

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  • May 2013
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Elizabeth Waxter
Daniel Rickett
REL 107
28 April 2012
Hinduism and Buddhism
Each being an Eastern religion, Hinduism and Buddhism both share some similarities as well as differences. The same goes when it comes to god. In Hinduism the belief about god can vary. Some Hindus believe in one god, while others believe in multiple, and others still believe in no god. They can also be Monist, Pantheists, or Panentheistis. Hindus also have the trinity, which is comprised of Brahma (the creator), Vishnu (the sustainer), and Shiva (the destroyer). Buddhists however are traditionally non-theistic. Where Hinduism has the trinity, Buddhism has the three jewels. However, unlike Hinduism, the three jewels are not treated as gods. The three jewels consist of Buddha, his teachings, and the community that follows those teachings. When it comes to sacred texts Hinduism has a few. The most important would have to be the Bhagavad Gita, also known as “The Song of God”. It has been called the Bible of Hinduism and contains discussion of things like Vedic cult sacrifice, Upanishadic teaching of Brahman, dualism and Yoga meditation. Other texts consist of the Veda, which includes the Rg, Yajur, Sama, and Arthava, and the Purana, which is Ancient Lore (“Introduction” 177). Another one would be the Dharma or legal texts, ritual or kalpasutras, including Crhya- and Srautasutras (“Introduction” 177). Buddhists however, don’t have a set sacred text that they use. Buddha never actually wrote down his teaching. What were practices by Buddhists were given to people by word of mouth. Over the years however there have been a variety of texts that have been created by writing down come of these teachings. However, there is no universal Buddhist sacred text. Hinduism and Buddhism share most of the same views when it comes to its teachings on humanity. In general, both religions mainly deal with reaching some sort of enlightenment and liberation from Samsara. Samsara, which is the cycle of birth...

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