Hinduism, also known as the “Sanatana Dharma” began about 4000 B.C in the Indus Valley Region. It is the world’s third largest religion after Christianity and Islam and is regarded as the world’s oldest organized religion. Hinduism is not a religion in the normal sense. It is instead an exploration of traditions and beliefs which have evolved over time. There is no single scripture followed nor is there one founder. It does not require adherence to any one idea. Hinduism worships the elements; fire, air, ether, earth and water.
Hinduism believes that all creatures go through a cycle of “birth” and “re-birth.” The objective is to live in a constant state of balance. On this journey there is not just one purpose to life, there are four. These are known as Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksha. It is only after one reaches Moksha that they attain liberation from rebirth. Dharma refers to righteousness, and living morally at all times. Hindu’s believe that they are born with debts to the God’s and other humans that they must repay during their lifetime. It is through Dharma that they repay those karmic debts. Artha is prosperity or success. Hinduism recognizes the importance of wealth for the overall well being of the individual. Like Artha, Kama is necessary for one to pursue as well. It is desire and pleasure which enables them to live a prosperous life. The end of a Hindu’s life is considered Moksha. It is a self realization and liberation through re-birth. Moksha is considered to be the highest purpose of life and there are a variety of paths one may take to attain it.
One of the most popular ways to live a healthy and balanced life is through Yoga. Yoga is a union of the mind, body and spirit. It is through Yoga, that we are able to balance out every day worries and be at peace. Yoga is the basis of Hinduism. It represents every element of life a hindu wishes to achieve. There are four types of Yoga followed: Bhakt,... [continues]
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