Religions of the World 1
Hinduism has “derived from a name applied by foreigners to people living in the region of the Indus River, and was introduced in the nineteenth century under colonial British rule as a category for census-taking.” It is one of the oldest known organized religions, has a wide variety of core beliefs. Most diverse and complex, having millions of Gods. Hinduism believes that there is only on supreme Absolute called Brahman, but it does not advocate the worship of one particular deity.
Brahman which is the source of all living things in the universe all reality and existence. It’s also physical, mental, emotional etc. and is the source to consciousness. Brahman is all source of everything Atman, or self, is one with Brahman. “Atman is the immortal aspect of the mortal existence which is hidden, a microcosm in every object including man.” (http://hinduism website.com/numbers.asp). It provides the reasoning to exist and experience the pains and pleasures of life. The spiritual goal of Hindu is to become one with Brahman, illusory form of “individual self.” This freedom is referred to as “moksha.”
Moksha is the achievement of freedom from the rebirth cycle. It is the liberated state and possesses divine qualities. Moksha is the ephemeral truth of life which without humans cannot sustain themselves. Within the stage of the individual the atman is involved in working of samsara, the cycle of birth and death in the phenomenal world. This then leads into karma.
Karma is intentionally actions that affect one’s fortunes in this life and the next, “actions” or “deeds.” It’s a natural, impersonal law of moral cause and effect. Karma is only applicable to those that have attained liberation (Moksha) from rebirth. What one did in the past affect and results in what’s going to happen in the future. How a person is reincarnated is determined by karma.