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Topics: Unicode, Devanagari, Sanskrit Pages: 6 (785 words) Published: October 20, 2013
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Writing Devanagari words using Baraha transliteration scheme is as easy as writing our names in English. मेरा भारत महान can be written as merA bhArat mahAn. Devanagari script used for
Sanskrit, Hindi, and Marathi languages are supported in Baraha. Other languages such as Konkani, Sindhi and Nepali that use
devanagari script, can also be used. The transliteration rules are shown below with examples.
See: Transliteration Examples
Vowel:
अ = a, आ = A,aa, इ = i, ई = I,ee, उ = u, ऊ = U,oo, ऋ = Ru, ॠ = RU, ऌ = ~Lu, ॡ = ~LU, ऍ = ~e,~a, ऎ = E, ए = e, ऐ = ai, ऑ = ~o, ऒ = O, ओ = o, औ = au,ou
◌ँ = ~M
◌ं = M
◌ः = H
Consonant:
क = k, ख = K,kh, ग = g, घ = G,gh, ङ = ~g
च = c,ch, छ = C,Ch, ज = j, झ = J,jh, ञ = ~j
ट = T, ठ = Th, ड = D, ढ = Dh, ण = N
त = t, थ = th, द = d, ध = dh, न = n, ऩ = nx
प = p, फ = P,ph, ब = b, भ = B,bh, म = m
य = y, र = r, ऱ = rx, ल = l, ळ = L, ऴ = Lx, व = v,w, श = S,sh, ष = Sh, स = s, ह = h,~h
Others:
ऽ = & (avagraha)
ॐ = oum
mk:@MSITStore:C:\Program%20Files\BarahaIME%201.0\BarahaIME.chm::/BarahaIME/devtra... 5/23/2010

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◌़= x (nukta)
Zero Width Joiner = ^
Zero Width Non Joiner = ^^
Extended Characters:
The consonants with a nukta (dot) under them can be obtained by using the 'x' character following the respective consonants as shown below. These characters are mainly used for words
borrowed from other languages.
Example:
क़ = kx ----> हक़ीक़त = hakxIkxat
ख़ = Kx ----> ख़ुश = Kxush
ग़ = gx ----> पैग़ाम = paigxAm
ज़ = z,jx ----> बज़ार = bazAr(bajxAr)
ड़ = Dx ----> िखलािड़ = KilADxi
ढ़ = Dhx ----> सीढ़ी = sIDhxI
फ़ = f,Px ---> कािफ़ = kAfi(kAPxi)
य़ = Y,yx
Punctuation Marks:
The English symbols [ ] { } ( ) - + * / = । ; : . , " ? ! % \ ~ _ translate into the same symbols in Devanagari also.
Quotation Marks:
` ' characters are converted to single smart quotes(` ') characters. We can get double smart quotes(`` '') by using them twice.
~ Usage:
'~' character when used with other characters form a different character as shown below.
Example:
~~ = ~
~@ = @
~# = #
mk:@MSITStore:C:\Program%20Files\BarahaIME%201.0\BarahaIME.chm::/BarahaIME/devtra... 5/23/2010

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=$
~& = &
~^ = ^
~g = ङ
~$

~j

=ञ

~h

=ह

~e

=ऍ

~o

=ऑ

~M

= ◌ँ

When a consonant character is followed by a vowel character, it results in a live consonant.
Example
ka kA ki kI ku kU kRu kRU klRu klRU k~e ke kE kai k~o ko kO kau kaM kaH
क का िक की क क कृ क Èलृ Èलॄ क क क क कॉ को कॊ कौ क कः ु ू

ॅ े ॆ ै

bhAShAsu mukhyA madhurA divyA gIrvANabhAratI.
भाषासु मुÉया मधुरा िदåया गीवा[णभारती. Note:
Transliteration for Hindi and Marathi languages are the same. In the Hindi/Marati transliteration, an implicit 'a' matra is assumed for the last consonant of the word. But, in Sanskrit transilteraion, 'a' matra has to be explicitely specified for the last consonant of the word. Otherwise, the halant sign would be used for the same. This is the only difference between Hindi/Marathi and Sanskrit

transliteration.
Example:
k,c,T,t,p

--> क् ,च ्,ɪ,त ्,प ्

k,c,T,t,p --> ka,ca,Ta,ta,pa --> क,च,ट,त,प

When two or more consecutive consonants appear in the input, mk:@MSITStore:C:\Program%20Files\BarahaIME%201.0\BarahaIME.chm::/BarahaIME/devtra... 5/23/2010

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they make a consonant conjunct. The last consonant takes the full form and the preceding consonants become half consonants.
Example:
nyAy - Ûयाय
`ह' consonant can be written in two ways; 'h', '~h'. If you want to use a `ह' in conjuncts where the first consonant is 'k', 'g', 't', 'd', etc, you have to use '~h' instead of of 'h'.
Example:
bakkiMghAm = बिÈकघाम

bakkiMg~hAm = बिÈकÊहाम

When 'rx' (ऱ) consonant comes in a consonant conjunct, it forms Marathi half-ra (eyelash form).
Example:
karaNArxyA = करणाढया

ZWJ, ZWNJ characters:
^ = ZWJ (zero width joiner)
^^ = ZWNJ (zero width non joiner)
Usually when a consonant cluster (two or more consecutive
consonants) occurs, it will be...
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