Hindi essay

Topics: Teeth, Nepal, Health care Pages: 11 (2275 words) Published: October 9, 2013
Hygiene, eating habits and oral health
among children in three Nepalese
Public High Schools

Kerstin Westbacke

Master of Public Health
MPH 2006:18

Nordic School of Public Health

Hygiene, eating habits and oral health among children in three Nepalese Public High Schools. © Nordic School of Public Health
ISSN 1104-5701
ISBN 91-7997-151-2

MPH 2006:18
Dnr U12/02:142

Master of Public Health
– Essay –
Title and subtitle of the essay

HYGIENE, EATING HABITS AND ORAL HEALTH AMONG CHILDREN IN THREE NEPALESE PUBLIC HIGH SCHOOLS
Author Kerstin Westbacke
Author's position and address

District dentist, Public Dental Clinic, Långgatan 13, SE-460 10 Lödöse, Sweden Phone: +46 (0)520 660077, Fax: +46 (0)520 660838, E-mail: ftv.lodose@vgregion.se Date of approval
2006-04-28

Supervisor NHV/External

Professor Arne Halling

No of pages

Language – essay

Language – abstract

39

English

English and Swedish 1104-5701

ISSN-no

ISBN-no

91-7997-151-2

Abstract – Currently, many developing countries are experiencing rising prevalences of caries associated with changes in lifestyle and living conditions. Objectives: To describe the hygiene, eating habits, and oral health status of Nepalese children. Materials and Methods: A stratified sample of 231 children 5–7, 11–13, and 15–16 years of age (53% boys, 47% girls) who attended public high schools in the rural area of the Lalitpur District, Nepal was selected. The study was a field study combining a clinical examination (plaque, gingivitis, calculus, and caries) and a questionnaire. The questions concerned sanitary conditions, health support, personal hygiene, tooth cleaning, and eating habits. Results: During the school day, half of the children ate nothing at all. General personal hygiene was associated with tooth-cleaning frequency. Four out of five children in the entire sample cleaned their teeth once/day or more, using their own toothbrush. The use of fluoride toothpaste was rare. More frequent tooth cleaning and lower plaque indices were seen among girls and older children. More plaque was found on the occlusal surfaces of erupting permanent molars than on fully occluded permanent molars. Most children had a low prevalence of manifest caries in the primary and the permanent dentitions. However, every fifth 5–7-yr-old had manifest caries in three or more primary teeth. The occlusal surfaces of molars accounted for almost all registered caries in both dentitions. Conclusion: Although the prevalence of manifest caries was low, the low level of preventive activities may cause an increase in the prevalence of caries, as in other developing countries. The presumed risk scenario needs to be met by comprehensive and systematic health promotion and preventive measures.

Key words Nepal, eating habits, personal hygiene, tooth cleaning frequency, eruption stage, dental plaque, occlusal caries
Nordic School of Public Health
P.O. Box 12133, SE-402 42 Göteborg
Phone: +46 (0)31 693900, Fax: +46 (0)31 691777, E-mail: administration@nhv.se www.nhv.se

1

MPH 2006:18
Dnr U12/02:142

– Uppsats –
Uppsatsens titel och undertitel

HYGIEN, MATVANOR OCH TANDHÄLSA BLAND BARN I TRE STATLIGA
GRUNDSKOLOR I NEPAL
Författare

Kerstin Westbacke
Författarens befattning och adress

Distriktstandläkare, Folktandvården, Långgatan 13, SE-460 10 Lödöse, Sverige Tel: +46 (0)520-660077, Fax +46 (0)520-660838, E-post: ftv.lodose@vgregion.se Datum då uppsatsen godkändes

Handledare NHV/extern

2006-04-28

Professor Arne Halling

Antal sidor

Språk – uppsats

Språk – sammanfattning

ISSN-nummer

ISBN-nummer

39

Engelska

Engelska
Svenska

1104-5701

91-7997-151-2

Sammanfattning: I många utvecklingsländer sker förändringar av livsstil och levnadsförhållanden med samtidig ökad förekomst av karies. Mål: Att beskriva hygien, matvanor och munhälsa hos nepalesiska barn. Material och Metod: Ett stratifierat urval av 231 barn, som...
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