Getting to know the theorist:
• Born in Reading Pennsylvania( 1909), USA
• Diploma program in Pottstown, Pennsylvaniain 1931.
• BA in interpersonal psychology- Bennington College in
• MA in psychiatric nursing from Columbia University New
York in 1947.
• Started first post baccalaureate program in nursing
• Died in 1999
• Theory of interpersonal relations is a middle range
• The theory was influenced by Harry Stack Sullivan’s
theory of Interpersonal Relations( 1953)
• The theorist was also influenced by Percival Symonds,
Abraham Maslow’s and Neal Elger Miller.
• Nurse and patient can interact.
• Emphasized that both the patient and
nurse mature as the result of the
• Communication and interviewing skills
remain fundamental nursing tools.
• Believed that nurses must clearly
understand themselves to promote
their client’s growth and to avoid
limiting client’s choices to those that
• The theory explains the purpose of
nursing is to help others identify their
• Nurses should apply principles of
human relations to the problems that
arise at all levels of experience.
• Peplau’s theory explains the phases of
interpersonal process, roles in nursing
situations and the methods for
studying nursing as an interpersonal
• Nursing is therapeutic in that it is a healing art,
assisting an individual who is sick or in need of
• Nursing is an interpersonal process because it
involves interaction between two or more
individuals with a common goal.
• The attainment of goal is achieved through the
use of a series of steps following a series of
• The nurse and patient work together so both
become mature and knowledgeable in the
Role of Nurse:
Phases of Interpersonal relationship
1. ORIENTATION PHASE
Problem defining phase
Starts when client meets nurse as stranger
Client seeks assistance, conveys needs ,asks questions,
shares preconceptions and expectations of past
Nurse responds, explains roles to client, helps to identify problems and to use available resources and services
2. EXPLOITATION PHASE
Use of professional assistance for problem solving
The principles of interview techniques must be used in
order to explore, understand and adequately deal with the
The patients’ needs have already been met
by the collaborative effect of patient and
Now they need to terminate their
therapeutic relationship and dissolve the
links between them.
Sometimes may be difficult for both as
psychological dependence persists
Termination of professional relationship
Interpersonal theory and Nursing
Data collection and analysis
May not be a felt need
Non continuous data collection
Mutually set goals
Plans initiated towards
achievement of mutually set goals
May be accomplished by patient ,
nurse or family
Based on mutually expected
May led to termination and
initiation of new plans
Occurs after other phases are
Leads to termination a
Interdependent goal setting
Patient actively seeking and
LYDIA E. HALL
Core, Care and
Getting to know the theorist:
Lydia Hall was born in New York City on
September 21, 1906.
She promoted involvement of the
community in health-care issues.
She derived from her knowledge of
psychiatry and nursing...
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