Professor Michael Monteon
Hild 14 SectionA02
7 February 2013
Often we can see Latin American films related with violence and depresing endings. Is this related with real Latin American history or are thay just personal ideas authors want to show?
Films have always known a part of Latin America’s history characterized by violence and for showing the natives as the victims of a brutal sovereignty by European powers of those times, besides a church showing a ambiguous behavior depending on their own interests. But, is this the real story or is it just what cinema shows us to capture people’s attention? During the course we’ve seen films showing part of this history, based on Argentina, Mexico, Cuba, and Paraguay. These films have a lot in common, as in the participation of the church, the influence of the Europeans that colonized those territories and in some of them the participation of the high-class people of the country. The films threat in general the difference between high-class characters and lower classes where the last ones always where suffering because of the higher classes misdoings, and the participation of the church in different situations during those times in Latin America, that always had political influence in its acts. But is this what history really shows us? Or do the filmmakers show this aspect just to attract attention to their movies? In all the movies we have seen we se victims of the power and no heroes among them, so this paper will find out if this is how history really is or if it’s just how movies show Latin America.
Tree films are to be analyzed, these are The Mission, based on the 1750 in the region of the Iguazú, Camila, based on the first half of the 1800 in the Argentina of Juan Manuel de Rosas and The Last Supper, based on the end of the XIII in Cuba. The first film, The Mission shows in a real deep form the participation of the church evangelizing native people of the Americas by building Jesuits missions. The first part of the film shows how this process was and how did de Jesuits got involved in native’s lives, educating them, showing them civilization and gods importance in life. This happens in the area of Iguazú inhabited by the guaranties. This was a dispute area between Spain and Portugal on those times. So the story goes on by showing the mission and how it progress, convincing the Vatican that it must remains, until the Jesuits where expelled from the Spanish monarchies possessions and ends with the Portuguese making of those lands by using arms against this natives supported by the Jesuits that remained doing their evangelization. This film shows the natives as the victims of the brutal colonization by the Portuguese (in this case, doesn’t means that it was different to the Spanish colonization process). By the other side shows the church as an entity with great values and a noble cause by introducing the natives to the “new” life. In this case we can realize a big effort by the author to criticize the treatment against the guaranties by the European powerful monarchies. But what history tells us is in hose days colonization was in its way, a process that’s known for being conflictive and for evolving brutal aggression against Americans autochthons. So this story reflects the story just how it really was and there is not a hero in it because there was not a hero, in fact, the guaranties lost the fight and the Portuguese made themselves with those territories. Camila is about the love story between a woman (Camila) daughter of a powerful man in Argentina of Juan Manuel de Rosas, and a priest of the time. The big deal with this relationship was it was forbidden by the church that priests got married, and in those times the church had very bad relationship with the government so a situation like this could generate big troubles, as Stevens states: “Bemberg believed that the previous military regime would never have permitted...
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