Higher Education: Learning to Live, or Living to Learn
In the mid 19th century, there was a strong anti-Catholic attitude in Europe. Cardinal John Henry Newman (1801-1890) was determined to establish a Catholic University in spite of these feelings. In 1852, he wrote The Idea of a University in which he expressed his opinions about what a liberal arts education should be, and what it supposedly would be in a Catholic University (Dunbar-Odam 107). In this essay, Newman made it abundantly clear what his views were as far as what students should learn in a university setting. Newman made statements that pointed toward a strong belief in a wide array of studies in a university. As the essay went on Newman made very strong and reasonable points that lead the reader to see that a broad spectrum of knowledge truly does increase a person's ability to reason and raises their credibility in society. After I read Newman's essay and discussed it thoroughly with my English class, I have come to the opinion that in order to have a truly great nation and society, education must make the society reason and think. In order for a person to be able to reason and think, they must have a broad education. Yet, in order for a nation to survive in the time we live in, there must be experts and people with enormous knowledge in a limited area. Without finding a middle road, truly how long can a great society last?
History has recorded many cultures in their making, in their peak, and in their fall. Rome, for instance, was built much the same as America is today. The government was ruled by the people, for the people. This nation, or should I say empire, was built on the thought that no one man should have total control over the people. As time passed, Rome became greater and greater. It overtook many other nations and became one of the greatest empires ever. Rome became an empire by warring with and conquering any nation that stood in its way. In the beginning Rome...
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