Hierarchy of Gender: Sexism vs. Feminism in the Surrealist Ring

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  • Topic: Surrealism, René Magritte, Surrealist Manifesto
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Hierarchy of Gender: Sexism vs. Feminism in the Surrealist Ring

Declaration

This study is submitted to University of Wales, Newport in accordance with the requirements of the ‘Issues in Contemporary Art and Culture 3’ module. It has not been submitted for any other degree or diploma of an examining body, except where specifically acknowledged; it is the work of the Author.

This study is submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Bachelor of Arts (Honours) Photography for Fashion and Advertising course at the University of Wales, Newport

Signature:

Anne Marie Iliff

Submission date: 11th January 2011

Table of Contents
Introduction6
Section 1 – Sexism and the Ideal Woman7
1.1 – Breaking Boundaries?7
1.2 – Male Objectification9
1.2.1 – Man Ray9
1.2.2 – Hans Bellmer11
1.3 – Feminist Response13
1.3.1 – Lee Miller: Revenge on Culture14
1.3.2 – Mimi Parent: Mistress16
Section 2 – Surrealism’s Defense18
2.1 – Rene Magritte: Ceci n’est pas une Pipe18
2.2 – MC Escher: Relativity20
Section 3 – Conclusion22
3.1 – Success?22
3.2 – Success!25
Bibliography27

List of Illustrations

Front Cover: FRANCESCA WOODMAN, 1977 - 78, Untitled, [Online Image], available at: http://www.studio-international.co.uk/studio-images/woodman/131_b.asphttp://www.artnet.com/artwork/424321799/177231/chuck-close-self-portrait.html (Accessed 19th December 2010)

Figure 1. MAN RAY, 1929, The Primacy of Matter Over Thought. [online image] available at: http://manraytrust.com/ (Accessed 22nd December 2010)

Figure 2. VINCENT VAN GOGH, 1888, Vase with Twelve Sunflowers, [online image] available at: http://store.artchive.com/showprint.aspx?pid=25185 (Accessed 22nd December 2010)

Figure 3. HANS BELLMER, 1935, Doll (La Poupee), [online image] available at: http://www.ankiewicz.com/writing/thesis/ThesisB.html (Accessed 21st December 2010)

Figure 4. TITIAN, 1538, Venus of Urbino, Oil on canvas [online image] available at: http://www.artchive.com/artchive/T/titian/titian_venus_of_urbino.jpg.html (Accessed 22nd December 2010)

Figure 5. RENE MAGRITTE, 1934, Le Viol (The Rape), oil on canvas, [online image] available at: http://www.psychoanalysis.org.uk/budd.htm (Accessed 22nd December 2010)

Figure 6. LEE MILLER, (from the 1940 publication on Grim Glory) Revenge on Culture, [scanned] In: MANCHESTER ART GALLERY.2009. Angels of Anarchy: Women Artists and Surrealism [Exhibition Catalogue] Munich: Prestel Verlag. Pg 157

Figure 7. EMILA MEDKOVA, 1948, Untitled (Angel), [scanned] In: MANCHESTER ART GALLERY.2009. Angels of Anarchy: Women Artists and Surrealism [Exhibition Catalogue] Munich: Prestel Verlag. Pg 153

Figure 8. MIMI PARENT, 1996, Maitresse (Mistress) [scanned] In: MANCHESTER ART GALLERY.2009. Angels of Anarchy: Women Artists and Surrealism [Exhibition Catalogue] Munich: Prestel Verlag. Pg 25

Figure 9. RENE MAGRITTE, 1928-29, Ceci n’est pas une Pipe (This is not a Pipe) oil on canvas [online image] available at: http://findigart.com/bibliography/ceci-nest-pas-une-pipe/ (Accessed 22nd December 2010)

Figure 10. MC ESCHER, 1953, Relativity, woodcut, [online image] available: http://www.artchive.com/artchive/E/escher/escher_relativity.jpg.html (Accessed 3rd January 2011)

Figure 11. FRIDA KAHLO, 1940, Self Portrait with Cropped Hair. Oil on canvas [online image] available at: http://www.moma.org/collection/browse_results.php?criteria=O%3AAD%3AE%3A2963&page_number=3&template_id=1&sort_order=1 (Accessed 22nd December 2010)

Figure 12....
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