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ФГОУ ВПО «Южный Федеральный Университет» Факультет лингвистики и словесности Кафедра межкультурной коммуникации и МП иностранных языков

Chicago

Выполнила: студентка 3 курса ф-та лингвистики и словесности Чупилко Алина

Проверила: доцент, кандидат педагогических наук Белоусова Т.Ф.

Ростов-на-Дону
2009

Contents.
1 History 3 1.1 First settlers
1.2 Infrastructure and regional development
1.3 Chicago Fire
1.4 20th century
2 Geography 6 2.1 Topography
2.2 Climate
3 Cityscape. Architecture 8 4 Culture and contemporary life 9 4.1 Entertainment and performing arts

4.2 Tourism
4.3 Parks
4.4 Sports
4.5 Media
5 Economy 13 6 Demographics 15 7 Law and government 16 8 Education 17 References. 19

1.History.

1.1.First settlers

During the mid.18th century the area was inhabited by a native American tribe known as the Potawatomis, who had taken the place of the Miami and Sauk and Fox peoples. The first permanent settler in Chicago, Haitian Jean Baptiste Pointe du Sable, arrived in the 1770s, married a Potawatomi woman, and founded the area’s first trading post. In 1803 the United States Army built Fort Dearborn, which was destroyed in the 1812 Fort Dearborn massacre. The Ottawa, Ojibwa, and Potawatomi later ceded the land to the United States in the 1816 Treaty of St. Louis. On August 12, 1833, the Town of Chicago was organized with a population of 350. Within seven years it grew to a population of over 4,000. The City of Chicago was incorporated on March 4, 1837. The name "Chicago" is the French rendering of the Miami-Illinois name shikaakwa, meaning “wild leek.”[1] The sound shikaakwa in Miami-Illinois literally means 'striped skunk', and was a reference to wild leek, or the smell of onions. The name initially applied to the river, but later came to denote the site of the city.

1.2.Infrastrukture and regional development

The city began its step toward regional primacy as an important transportation hub between the eastern and western United States. Chicago’s first railway, Galena and Chicago Union Railroad, opened in 1838, which also marked the opening of the Illinois and Michigan Canal. The canal allowed steamboats and sailing ships on the Great Lakes to connect to the Mississippi River. A flourishing economy brought residents from rural communities and immigrants abroad. Manufacturing and retail sectors became dominant among Midwestern cities, influencing the American economy, particularly in meatpacking, with the advent of the refrigerated rail car and the regional centrality of the city's Union Stock Yards.[3]

In February 1856, the Chesbrough plan for the building of Chicago's and the United States' first comprehensive sewerage system was approved by the Common Council.[2] The project raised much of central Chicago to a new grade. Untreated sewage and...
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