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India
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This article is about the Republic of India. For other uses, see India (disambiguation).

Republic of India भारत गणराज्य*
Bhārat Ganarājya|
| |
Flag| Emblem|
|
Motto: "Satyameva Jayate" (Sanskrit)
सत्यमेव जयते  (Devanāgarī)
"Truth Alone Triumphs"[1]|
Anthem: 
Jana Gana Mana
Thou art the ruler of the minds of all people[2]|
National Song[4]
Vande Mataram
I bow to thee, Mother[3]|
Area controlled by India in dark green;
Claimed but uncontrolled territories in light green|
Capital| New Delhi
28°36.8′N 77°12.5′E / 28.6133°N 77.2083°E / 28.6133; 77.2083| Largest city| Mumbai|
Official language(s)| Hindi, English[show]Hindi in the Devanagari script is the official language of the Union[5] and English the "subsidiary official language".[6]| Recognised regional languages| 8th Schedule:[show]Assamese Bengali

Bodo
Dogri
Gujarati
Hindi
Kannada
Kashmiri
Konkani
Maithili
Malayalam
Manipuri
Marathi
Nepali
Oriya
Punjabi
Sanskrit
Santali
Sindhi
Tamil
Telugu
Urdu[7]|
National languages| None defined by the
constitution.[8]|
Demonym| Indian|
Government| Federal parliamentary
constitutional republic[9]|
 - | President| Pratibha Patil|
 - | Prime Minister| Manmohan Singh (INC)|
 - | Speaker of the House| Meira Kumar (INC)|
 - | Chief Justice| S. H. Kapadia|
Legislature| Sansad|
 - | Upper House| Rajya Sabha|
 - | Lower House| Lok Sabha|
Independence| from the United Kingdom |
 - | Declared| 15 August 1947 |
 - | Republic| 26 January 1950 |
Area|
 - | | 3,287,263 km2 ‡(7th)
1,269,219 sq mi |
 - | Water (%)| 9.56|
Population|
 - | 2011 estimate| 1,192,826,000[10] (2nd)|
 - | 2001 census| 1,028,610,328[11] |
 - | Density| 362.9/km2 (31st)
939.8/sq mi|
GDP (PPP)| 2010 estimate|
 - | Total| $4.001 trillion[12] (4th)|
 - | Per capita| $3,290[12] (127th)|
GDP (nominal)| 2010 estimate|
 - | Total| $1.430 trillion[12] (11th)|
 - | Per capita| $1,176[12] (137th)|
Gini (2004)| 36.8[13] (79th)|
HDI (2010)| 0.519[14] (medium) (119th)|
Currency| Indian rupee () (INR)|
Time zone| IST (UTC+5:30)|
 - | Summer (DST)| not observed (UTC+5:30)|
Date formats| dd/mm/yyyy (AD)|
Drives on the| left|
ISO 3166 code| IN|
Internet TLD| .in|
Calling code| 91|
Non-numbered Footnotes:[show]* Bharat Ganarajya, that is, the Republic of India in Hindi,[9] written in the Devanagari script. See also other official names ‡ This is the figure as per the United Nations though the Indian government lists the total area as 3,287,260 km2 (1,269,220 sq mi).[15]| India (i /ˈɪndiə/), officially the Republic of India (Hindi: भारत गणराज्य Bhārat Gaṇarājya; see also official names of India), is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and the most populous democracy in the world.[16] Mainland India is bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the west, and the Bay of Bengal on the east; and it is bordered by Pakistan to the west;[note 1] Bhutan, the People's Republic of China and Nepal to the north; and Bangladesh and Burma to the east. In the Indian Ocean, mainland India and the Lakshadweep Islands are in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives, while India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands share maritime border with Thailand and the Indonesian island of Sumatra in the Andaman Sea.[17] India has a coastline of 7,517 kilometres (4,700 mi).[18] Home to the ancient Indus Valley Civilisation and a region of historic trade routes and vast empires, the Indian subcontinent was identified with its commercial and cultural wealth for much of its long history.[19] Four of the world's major religions—Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism—originated here, while...
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