1.1 INDUSTRY PROFILE:
Indian Electronics industry dates back to the early 1960's. Electronics was one industry initially restricted to the development and maintenance of fundamental communication systems including radio-broadcasting, telephonic and telegraphic communication, and augmentation of defense capabilities. Until 1984, the electronics Industry was primarily government owned and then in 1980s witnessed a rapid growth of the electronics industry due to sweeping economic changes, resulting in the liberalization and globalization of the economy.
The economic transformation all over the world was motivated by two compelling factors - the determination to boost economic growth, and to accelerate the development of export-oriented industries, like the electronics industry. By 1991 in the country private investments - both foreign and domestic were encouraged. The easing of foreign investment norms, allowance of 100% foreign equity, reduction in custom tariffs, and relicensing of several consumer electronic products had attracted remarkable amount of foreign collaboration and investment. The domestic Electronic industry also responded favorably to the policies of the government. The initiatives of the electronics field to private sector enabled entrepreneurs to establish the industries to meet demand in the market. Improvements in the Indian Electronics industry have not been limited to a particular segment, but encompass all its sectors. This pace made in the areas of commercial software, telecommunications, electronics, instrumentation, positioning and networking systems, and defense. The result therefore has been a significant trade growth that began in the late 1990's. The Indian Electronics Industry is a text for investors who consider India as a potential investment opportunity. Indian electronics companies had majorly benefited from the economic liberalization policies of the 1980's, including the loosening of restrictions on technology and component imports, delicensing, foreign investment, and reduction of excise duties. Output from electronics plants in India grew from Rs1.8 billion in FY 1970 to Rs8.1 billion in FY 1980 and to Rs123 billion in FY 1992. Most of the expansion took place in the production of computers and consumer electronics. Indian Production of Computer rose from 7,500 units in 1985 to 60,000 units in 1988 and to an estimated 200,000 units in 1992. During this period, major advances were made in the domestic computer industry that led to more sales. Consumer electronics in India account for about 30% of total electronics production of the country. 1.2 Prospects of the Indian Electric Industry:
Like every other industrial sector in India, the Indian Electrical Industry too is slowly emerging from out of its "protective cover". For far too long has Indian Industry remained shackled and consequently inward looking. Over the past fifty years there was no exposure to global players and competition, with the result that the Industry grew up in a sheltered environment, dependent on the Government for everything, from licenses to protection to tariffs. Each one of these interventions was aimed at securing protection for oneself and ensuring growth of one’s own organization at the cost of industry and the nation at large. Lack of global competition encouraged a "cost plus" approach, where every conceivable cost increase was passed on to the customer. There was thus no motivation to reduce costs. As per the recent survey, the global electrical & electronics market is worth $1,038.8 billion, which is forecasted to grow to $ 1,216.8 billion at the end of the year 2008. If we talk of electrical & electronics production statistics, the industry accounted for $1,025.8 billion in 2006, which is forecasted to reach $1,051.5 billion in future. At the outset, it must be stated that the reduced domestic demand is at best a temporary phenomenon. The power sector in India is bound to grow and...
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