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Abortion: is the termination of pregnancy by the removal or expulsion from the uterus of a fetus or embryo prior to viability. An abortion can occur spontaneously, in which case it is usually called a miscarriage, or it can be purposely induced. The term abortion most commonly refers to the induced abortion of a human pregnancy.

The two types are Induced and Spontaneous.

Induced
Approximately 205 million pregnancies occur each year worldwide. Over a third are unintended and about a fifth end in induced abortion .Most abortions result from unintended pregnancies. A pregnancy can be intentionally aborted in several ways. The manner selected often depends upon the gestational age of the embryo or fetus, which increases in size as the pregnancy progresses. Specific procedures may also be selected due to legality, regional availability, and doctor or patient preference. Reasons for procuring induced abortions are typically characterized as either therapeutic or elective. An abortion is medically referred to as a therapeutic abortion when it is performed to save the life of the pregnant woman; prevent harm to the woman's physical or mental health; terminate a pregnancy where indications are that the child will have a significantly increased chance of premature morbidity or mortality or be otherwise disabled; or to reduce the number of fetuses to lessen health risks associated with multiple pregnancy

Spontaneous

Spontaneous abortion, also known as miscarriage, is the unintentional expulsion of an embryo or fetus before the 24th week of gestation. A pregnancy that ends before 37 weeks of gestation resulting in a live-born infant is known as a "premature birth" or a "preterm birth". When a fetus dies in uterus after viability, or during delivery, it is usually termed "stillborn". Premature births and stillbirths are generally not considered to be miscarriages although usage of these terms can sometimes overlap.

It is normal for a woman to experience a range of emotions after an abortion, such as relief, sadness, happiness and feelings of loss. Each woman is unique. Many women feel that they have made the right decision after having an abortion. For some women, however, abortion can raise negative emotional responses including grief, guilt, anger, shame and regret. Understanding your emotions can help you begin to let go of any pain and start to heal. It is important to recognize your feelings and to take good care of yourself if you are experiencing difficulty. The following information may be helpful if you are experiencing emotional distress after an abortion. 

EMOTIONALLY: Grief
Most couples experience feelings of loss after an abortion even if the pregnancy was not suspected or planned, Grief over the loss may last longer than you expect.

Regret
Regret is an emotion tied to abortion. The mother or the father can regret the decision to terminate the pregnancy, thus affecting the relationship. The mother may also feel shame for proceeding with an elective abortion.

Mental Health Disorders
Mental health disorders can sometimes be triggered by an abortion. Suicidal thoughts and feelings may be present following an abortion, as well as anxiety and depression. Other mental health disorders such as eating disorders may arise after an abortion. If the mother has a history of mental health disorders, an abortion can exacerbate those symptoms

Relief
Relief is an emotion most often felt following an elective abortion procedure. When a pregnancy is not planned, sometimes an abortion may be the right option for the mother. This emotion may also be felt if the mother's health is at risk, relieving the risk for health complications that could have possibly led to death. This emotion may also be mixed with guilt over feeling the sense of relief.

SOCIAL:

* Increase alcohol consumption
* social withdrawal and avoidance
* increased depression and anxiety
* increased physiological stress...
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