1. The Reformation broke out first in the cities of:
Switzerland and Germany.
2. Contributing factors to lay criticism of the church included all of the following, the laity traveled widely, new postal systems and the printing press increased the information at the disposal of the laity, lay people gained greater control over the cultural life of their communities, and the laity in the cities were becoming increasingly knowledgeable about the world.
3. 13th- through 15th-century lay religious movements shared a common goal of: Religious simplicity in the imitation of Jesus.
4. Name four true statements of the ideology and practice of the Brothers of the Common Life? They were centered at Zwolle and Deventer in the Netherlands; they fostered religious life outside of formal churches, they embraced a lay religious life of prayer and study without surrendering the world, they stressed individual piety and practical religion.
5. Which writer summarized the philosophy of the Brothers of the Common Life in what became the most popular religious book of the period, the Imitation of Christ? Thomas a Kempis
6. Who was the son of a successful miner and later became a powerful force in religion? Martin Luther
7. The medieval church had always taught that salvation was what? A joint venture
8. Indulgence was:
A remission of the temporal penalty imposed on penitents by priests as a work of satisfaction for their confessed mortal sins.
9. These sparked the Reformation in Germany.
Luther's 95 theses
10. In Luther's Address to the Christian Nobility of the German Nation, he urged the German princes to Force reforms on the Roman Catholic Church.
11. The Freedom of a Christian, written by Martin Luther, summarized the new teaching of salvation By faith alone
12. When German peasants revolted in 1524-1525, they didn’t win the support of The pope, the merchant class, Martin Luther, or John Calvin
13. The Reformation in Zurich was led by
14. What was the primary theological point of contention between Luther and Zwingli? The "presence" of Christ in the Eucharist
15. Anabaptists are the 16th-century ancestors of which modern groups? Amish
16. Anabaptism desired what?
A rapid and thorough implementation of Apostolic Christianity.
17. Lutheranism was introduced into Denmark by whom?
King Christian II
18. What German city became a refuge for persecuted Protestants and the center of Lutheran resistance? Magdeburg.
19. The Peace of Augsburg recognized in law what had already been established in practice That the ruler of a land would determine the religion of the land.
20. The Reformation Parliament met for seven years and determined that: Henry VIII would rule the church in England "as far as Christ allows."
21. The Act of Succession made whose children the legitimate heirs to the throne? Anne Boleyn
22. The Book of Common Prayer, written by Thomas Cranmer, was imposed on all English churches by what law? The Act of Uniformity
23. Recognized by the pope in 1528, this group sought to return to the original ideals of Saint Francis and became popular among the ordinary people to whom they directed their ministry. Who are they? The Capuchins
24. This influential women's order was founded in 1535 for the religious education of girls from all social classes: The Ursulines
25. Ignatius of Loyola taught good Catholics to
Submit without question to higher church authority and spiritual direction.
26. The Council of Trent's most important reforms concerned what? Internal Church discipline
27. The characterization "magisterial reformers" refers to the role of reformers such as Luther, Zwingli, and Calvin
28. The following are examples of the way the church calendar regulated daily life in the 15th century: One third of the year was given over to religious observances or celebrations, regulation of...