Chapter 17: Valuation and Capital Budgeting for the Levered Firm

17.1Honda and GM are competing to sell a fleet of 25 cars to Hertz. Hertz fully depreciates all of its rental cars over five years using the straight-line method. The firm expects the fleet of 25 cars to generate $100,000 per year in earnings before taxes and depreciation for five years. Hertz is an all-equity firm in the 34-percent tax bracket. The required return on the firm’s unlevered equity is 10 percent, and the new fleet will not add to the risk of the firm.

a. What is the maximum price that Hertz should be willing to pay for the new fleet of cars if it remains an all-equity firm? b. Suppose Hertz purchases the fleet from GM for $325,000, and Hertz is able to issue $200,000 of five year, 8% debt in order to finance the project. All principal will be repaid in one balloon payment at the end of the fifth year. What is the Adjusted Present Value (APV) of the project?

17.1a.The maximum price that Hertz should be willing to pay for the fleet of cars with all-equity funding is the price that makes the NPV of the transaction equal to zero.

NPV = -Purchase Price + PV[(1- TC )(Earnings Before Taxes and Depreciation)] +
PV(Depreciation Tax Shield)

Therefore, the most that Hertz should be willing to pay for the fleet of cars with all-equity funding is $337,095.

b.The adjusted present value (APV) of a project equals the net present value of the project if it were funded completely by equity plus the net present value of any financing side effects. In Hertz’s case, the NPV of financing side effects equals the after-tax present value of the cash...

...Essay.
Net Presentvalue is the difference between an investment’s market value and its cost. For an example, you invest 100 dollars (Cost) into a lemonade stand but you receive 50 dollars (Market Value) of cash inflow. Another would be you buy a house for 50,000(Cost) But you sell it for 75,000(Market Value). Your net presentvalue An Investment should be accepted if the net...

...
Net presentValue, Mergers and acquisitions
Abstract
Main objective of undertaking this to report was learn about NPV presentvalue (NPV) method to make capital budgeting decision(Google NEW Project) and success factors involved in mergers and acquisitions(Google-Groupon Case).
Answers to the Assignments
Part I: Google should go ahead with the new project.
Part-II: Google’s acquisition of Groupon would have been win...

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FINC5001 Capital Market and Corporate Finance
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Workshop 5 – Capital Budgeting II
1. Basic Concepts Review
a) In applying Net PresentValue, what factors do we include, and what factors do we ignore?
Use cash flows not accounting income
Ignore
* sunk costs
* financing costs
Include
* opportunity costs
* side effects
* working...

...liability. Investors in corporations have limited liability. They can lose their investment, but no more.
Chapter 2
How to calculate Presentvalues
Question 6: Perpetuities
An investment costs $1,548 and pays $138 in perpetuity. If the interest rate is 9%, what is the NPV?
Answer
NPV = −1,548 + 138/.09 = −14.67 (cost today plus the presentvalue of the
perpetuity).
Question 7: Growing perpetuities
A common stock...

...Examples Of Net PresentValue (NPV), ROI and
Payback Analysis
Introduction
Terms and Definitions
Net PresentValue - Method of calculating the expected net monetary gain or loss from a project by discounting all expected future cash inflows and outflows to the present point in time.
Discount Rate - Also known as the hurdle rate or required rate of...

...Net presentvalue
In finance, the net presentvalue (NPV) or net present worth (NPW) of a time series of cash flows, both incoming and outgoing, is defined as the sum of the presentvalues (PVs) of the individual cash flows. In case when all future cash flows are incoming (such as coupons and principal of a bond) and the only outflow of cash is the purchase price, the NPV is simply the PV of...

.... To find the PVA, we use the equation:
PVA = C({1 – [1/(1 + r)]t } / r )
PVA = $60,000{[1 – (1/1.0825)9 ] / .0825}
PVA = $370,947.84
The presentvalue of the revenue is greater than the cost, so your company can afford the equipment.
7. Here we need to find the FVA. The equation to find the FVA is:
FVA = C{[(1 + r)t – 1] / r}
FVA for 20 years = $3,000[(1.08520 – 1) / .085]
FVA for 20 years = $145,131.04
FVA for 40 years =...

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