The hero approach is related to genetics and evolution. Genes are inherited from one generation to the next, but may change according to the culture one is surrounded by. Individuals that follow the hero approach realize that there are no rewards; one only has achievements after overcoming obstacles that will eventually fulfill his or her own goals. Therefore, these heroes characterize strength and courage. These individuals following the hero approach live selflessly without expecting the reward of the afterlife later. Most individuals that follow the hero approach also believe in pro-choice and free market capitalism.
On the other hand, the saint approach is more of a religious based view. These individuals believe in the divine purpose, that they are put here on Earth for a specific reason. The saint’s actions made in today’s society are for self-preservation in order to gain the reward of the afterlife later. Therefore, the saint characterizes obedience, care, and concern that are based solely on love due to their life’s purpose.
Professor Ambrosio stated that the hero and saint approaches can be intertwined. They can also change. For instance, and individual may relate more to the hero approach, but due to some life altering event, he or she may avert to the saint approach, or vice versa.
In the American society today, it seems very difficult to say that the hero and the saint are ideal types that can serve as...