1.1:Background of Study
The tourism sector has been identified by the government as a major source of profit and act as a catalyst for the Malaysian economic to sustain during worldwide economic meltdown. For instance, in 2011, tourist arrivals rose by 137,128 to 24,714,324 compared to 24,577,196 in 2010, while tourism revenue increased from RM1.8bil to RM58.3bil compared to RM56.5bil from the previous year. Furthermore, these contribute a total of RM37.4bil towards the Gross National Income (GNI) of the country.
Among the measures that being applied in order to increase the influx of tourists is to promote a bona fide uniqueness of Malaysia through our own Culture and Heritage, Ecotourism, Meetings, Incentives, Conventions and Exhibitions (MICE), Shopping Extravaganza, International Events as well as Health Tourism thus allows tourists from four corners of the world to select their preferences. With this said, the Malaysian government through various initiatives under the Government Transformation Program (GTP) has mapped strategies for the Tourism Ministry to adhered hence stimulate a sustainable tourism revenues. With all these efforts in the pipeline, the dream of a nation achieving its high-income status by the year 2020 shall materialize sooner than the time given.
Malaysia’s history is largely embedded in its architecture, social and cultural fabric, and of these the architectural fabric is probably the most enduring one. Nowadays, the historical rehabilitation and maintenance can be regarded as a popular method use in Malaysia. In addition, heritage building is deemed as significance thing in town advancement which can be seen in few cities in the world. It shows an important role in defining the landmark within the urban area as well as generating income and boosting the tourism industry. (Kamal and Lilawati, 2007)
Melaka is a city with a glorious past hidden behind each facade of the centuries-old buildings. To visit Melaka will truly offer a truly memorable experience to both domestic and international tourists, and this goes well with the Melaka State Government's slogan "Visit Historic Melaka means Visit Malaysia".( melakatourism.gov.my, 2012)
“Heritage building” means and includes any building of one or more premises or any part thereof and/or structure and/or artefact which requires conservation and / or preservation for historical and / or architectural and / or artisan and /or aesthetic and/or cultural and/or environmental and/or ecological purpose and includes such portion of land adjoining such building or part thereof as may be required for fencing or covering or in any manner preserving the historical and/or architectural and/or aesthetic and/or cultural value of such building. “Conservation” means all the processes of looking after a place so as to retain its historical and/or architectural and/or aesthetic and/or cultural significance and includes maintenance, preservation, restoration, reconstruction and adoption or a combination of more than one of these. (www.urbanindia.nic, 2012)
Conservation of building is the process of maintaining a valued building or place to keep its appearance and historical significance intact. It may include the preservation, restoration, reconstruction or adaptation of a building. (Engagingplaces, 2009)
With its government buildings, churches, squares and fortifications, Melaka demonstrates the early stages of this history originating in the 15th-century Malay sultanate and the Portuguese and Dutch periods beginning in the early 16th century (whc.unesco.org, 2008)
1.2Research Problem Statement
As Malaysia become a developing country, it faced a rapid development and this affect a lot of heritage building especially in Malacca where there were many heritage building there (www.pmo.gov.my, 2010). Although the development is good, however lack...