Grand Canyon University
Family- Centered Health Promotion
April 20, 2013
The Heritage Assessment Tool
Do to changing in the ways of communication and different cultures no longer having restrictions of geographical areas, health care is having to make changes in the way patients are assessed and treated. “Adapting to different cultural beliefs and practices requires flexibility, and respect for other viewpoints.”("Cultural Diversity in Nursing," 2013, para. 2) The heritage assessment tool was developed to help healthcare professionals become better aware of a patient’s and patient families ethnic, cultural, and religious beliefs, through a series a questions that help identify these differences and beliefs. In this paper of summary of assessment results from four different families from different cultural groups will be provided and a summary of how this tool would be incorporated to help with teaching health promotion and prevention based the differences identified. Differences in Health Maintenance
Two of the families interviewed although from different racial backgrounds family one Caucasian, and family two African American, they have very similar views due to both families having ties to the medical profession across generations. The views of families three and four differ because of their racial and cultural backgrounds. Families one through three all had similar views of family as they all had regular family interaction with extended family members during their youth and continued these relationships and continue to maintain these relationship for their own children. Family one being Caucasian maintained close family ties with visits weekly and Holidays and special occasions. Family two being African American with ties to military and traveling distances had less frequent visits being more on Holidays and special occasions, but stated and closeness with extended family through phone calls weekly and letters. Family three being Haitian growing up in Haiti stated strong family ties as cultural and family gatherings being monthly and for special occasions, holidays and festivals. Family four being Filipino stated and importance on family as they remain in contact with extended family, but due to cost of travel and different geographical areas visits are yearly and phone calls are made monthly. Closer relationships are maintained with immediate family, parents brothers and sisters. An understanding of a patients family values can help with treatment providing insight into the patient’s support group both emotionally and economically, as a families social support on one way that family can positively impact health, as noted in Unite for Sight Gender and Health Module 1: Family Dynamics and Health. ("Family Dynamics and Health," 2013, para. 1) “ Family dynamics significantly impact health in both positive and negative ways. Having a close-knit and supportive family provides emotional support, economic well-being and increase overall health. However, the opposite is also true, when family life is stressful and characterized by conflict the health of family members tends to be negatively affected.” ("Family Dynamics and Health," 2013, para. 3) Knowing family dynamics and support system of a patient can help decide proper ways to intervene as their family support and beliefs are very important to health maintenance. Religious and cultural beliefs have strong influence and impact on healthcare and maintenance, as all four families come from similar religious backgrounds all have different cultural beliefs. Families one and two coming from families with similar medical backgrounds share a biomedical health belief view. This view is one of three views described by Andrews and Boyle. They describe three views of health as being Magico-religious, scientific, and holistic.(Blais RN EdD, Hayes RN PhD, Kozier RN, & Erb RN BSN, 2007, p....