Herbal Soap

Topics: Erlenmeyer flask, Mix Pages: 5 (691 words) Published: August 27, 2010

A. Raw Materials

1. Herbs
Number of Units| Raw Materials| Price/Kilo| Total Price| 5 KilosI KiloI KiloI KiloI KiloI KiloI Kilo| Kasitas (Acapulco) NeemPaliahanKalilongMakabuhayMalunggayGuava| Php 25.00 20.00 20.00 20.00 20.00 25.00 20.00| Php 125.00 20.00 20.00 20.00 20.00 25.00 20.00| TOTAL | Php 250.00|

2. Chemicals
Number of Units| Raw Materials| Price/Liter| Total Price| 2.0 Liter1.5 Liter1.5 Liter1.0 Liter0.5 Liter| Caustic SodaMethyl and Propyl ParabensLanolinEssential OilCoco Oil| Php 50.00 116.66 102.66 135.00 72.00| Php 100.00 175.00 154.00 135.00 36.00| TOTAL| Php 600.00|

Kasitas (Acapulco) Paliahan

Kalilong Makabuhay

Guava Malunggay

B. Process Flow

1. Herbs

a. Picking – is the first and easiest step in the entire process flow. It refers to the act of harvesting the leaves on the garden. Preferably done early in the morning, between 6am -7 am.

b. Selection - this is the stage where we carefully choose among the collected leaves. It also involves scrutinizing to make sure that only healthy ones are used for production. In selecting the appropriate leaves, it is recommended to use those not so young and old.

c. Weighing - the third step pertains to the procedure of identifying ample or accurate amount (in terms of kilo) of leaves that will be able to manufacture the desired number of products. On this stage, leaves are separated from their stems and weighed.

d. Grinding – this is the fourth step where we carefully grind the leaves to convert it into small pieces. By doing so, extraction process will be done smoothly and quickly. This is done y mixing the leaves and grinding them on the electrical grinding machine.

e. Extraction - the gradual process of debilitating the sap from the Kasitas leaves. The juice derived from the fresh leaves will now be mixed with the other ingredients of the soap. The sediments are separated through sieving in a mesh; it passes through the sieve 5 - 6 times.

2. Procedure

a. Measure the coco oil.
b. Put it into the mixer.
c. Add the parabens.
d. Add the essential oil.
e. Mix the ingredients.
f. While mixing, add the caustic/extract solution.
g. Continue mixing to reach the proper consistency.
h. Transfer to molders to saponify.
i. Curing time – 2 to 3 days.

Critical Path Method
Production Activity| Time (in hours)|
a. Measure the coco oil.| 0.25 hour|
b. Put it into the mixer| 0.10 hour|
c. Add the parabens.| 0.15 hour|
d. Add the essential oil.| 0.10 hour|
e. Mix the ingredients.| 0.30 hour|
f. Add the caustic/extract solution| 0.25 hour|
g. Mix to reach consistency.| 0.20 hour|
h. Saponification| 5.00 hours|
i. Curing| 72.00 hours|


C. List of Tools and Equipments

1. Grinding Machine

2. Electrical Mixer

3. Erlenmeyer Flasks ( 4000 cc, 1000 cc, 100 cc, 40 cc)

4. Measuring Cups

5. Molders

6. Spatula and Hand Gloves

D. Production Cost

I. Variable Cost
A. HerbsPhp 250.00
Kasitas (Acapulco) Php 125.00
Neem 20.00Paliahan 20.00
Kalilong 20.00
Makabuhay 20.00
Malunggay 25.00
Guava 20.00
B. ChemicalsPhp 600.00
Caustic Soda Php 100.00
Methyl and Propyl Parabens 175.00
Lanolin 154.00...
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