Henry David Thoreau

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John Schmidt English 4 4/27/09 5th

Outline

I. Personal Information
a. Born on July 12
1. Born in 1817
2. Born in Concord Massachusetts
b. Family
1. Father John Thoreau
2. Mother Cynthia Dunbar
3. 3 siblings (Helen, John Jr., Sophia)
c. Named after paternal uncle
d. Changed his name from D.H. to H.D.
e. Died May 6th
1. Died in 1862
2. Died in Concord Massachusetts
3. Died at age 44
II. Professional Life
a. Beliefs
1. Transcendentalism
2. Civil Disobedience
3. Simple Living
b. Jobs
1. Writer
2. Lived Off Nature
3. Children’s Tutor
4. Pencil Manufacturer
III. In The After Life
a. Influenced
1. Martin Luther King Jr.
2. John F. Kennedy
3. Mahatma Gandhi
b. Structural Commemorations
1. Thoreau memorial at Library way, New York City
2. Walden Pond
c. Buried at…
1. Dunbar Family Plot
2. Eventually moved to Sleepy Hollow Cemetery in Concord

David Henry Thoreau was born on July 12, in the year of 1817, 5 years after the War of 1812 at Concord Massachusetts to John Thoreau, a pencil maker, and Cynthia Dunbar whose father was known for leading the “Butter Rebellion” (the first recorded student protest in the United States) at Harvard in 1766. Thoreau was the second youngest out of 4 children. The oldest was Helen followed by John Jr., then David, then the youngest, Sophia. David was named after his paternal uncle who passed away just weeks after David was born. However, after Thoreau graduated from college at Harvard, he changed his name from David Henry to Henry David Thoreau. Thoreau died on May 6th in the year 1862 right in the middle of the civil war. He died in his hometown of Concord, Massachusetts and...
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