The Back IV by Henri Matisse
Henri Matisse was a French artist born December 31st 1869. He is known for his use of colour. He was a draughtsman, printmaker, and sculptor, but is known primarily as a painter. He painted during the period of expressionism and was considered a fauve. Matisse was also an accomplished sculptor whose radical style left lasting mark on modern art history. Although he pursued sculpture since his early years as an independent form of expression, he frequently used it to find a solution to pictorial problems. If Matisse's paintings, known for their strong color, tend to be elegantly composed, the sculptures are often about stresses and struggles. This Sculpture is a bas-relief bronze sculpture. A bas-relief A French term that means “low-raised work.” This art, combined with “high relief” is known as relief sculpture. Relief is a sculptural technique. The term relief is from the Latin verb levo, which means to raise. A Relief sculpture gives impression that the sculpted material has been raised above the background plane It is meant to be viewed from one direction as opposed to sculpture meant to be viewed in the round. The material used was bronze- a metal alloy consisting primarily of copper, usually with tin as the main additive. It is hard and brittle. Bronze reliefs are made by casting which involves pouring liquid metal into a mold, which contains a hollow cavity of the desired shape, and then allowing it to cool and solidify. The solidified part is also known as a casting, which is ejected out of the mold to complete the process Henri Matisse saw that relief sculpture was an ideal stepping stone between three-dimensionality and the flat representation of the body that he used in his painting. “I sculpted as a painter,” said Matisse, “I did not sculpt like a sculptor.” In relief sculpture, he could deal with the mass of the body and form of the body in real space, and at the same time helpclarify his sense of how to represent the...
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