Henri Bergson

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HENRI BERGSON
History of Ideas

2012
To: Sir Asad Shahzad
10/21/2012

GROUP MEMBERS:
* AMMARAH MASROOR-12779
* ASFIA AZIZ-12718
* SYEDA AREEBA TARIQ-13055
SUBMITTED TO: SIR ASAD SHAHZAD
DATE: 21/OCT/2012

TOPIC| PAGE|
Henri Bergson - Introduction| 2|
Bergson’s Intuition| 3|
Intuition: Definition, Explanation, A small practice that led to Intuition| 4| Example, Sinking into Intuition, Explanation| 5| Another Example, Explanation, Intuition as Philosophical Method| 6| Intuition as Philosophical Method| 7|

Bergson’s Time and Free Will| 8|
TABLE OF CONTENTS:
Time and Free Will: Space| 9|
Time| 10|
Past and Present| 11| Free Will and Determinism| 12| Bergson’s Creative Evolution| 15|
Meaning of Evolution| 16|
Creative Evolution: Definition, Essence of Life, Élan Vital, Book| 18| Comparison between Darwin’s Theory of Mechanical Evolution and Bergson’s Theory of Creative Evolution| 19| Critics| 22|

References| 23|

HENRI BERGSON:
Introduction:
Henri Bergson (1859–1941) was one of the most famous and influential French philosophers of the late 19th century-early 20th century. Bergson was born in Paris on October 18, 1859; he was the second of seven children of a Polish Father and English mother; both of his parents were Jewish. Bergson was a notably exceptional pupil throughout his childhood. Like his German contemporary, Edmund Husserl, Bergson's original training was in mathematics. Although his international fame reached cult-like heights during his lifetime, his influence decreased notably after the Second World War While such French thinkers as Merleau-Ponty, Sartre, and Levinas explicitly acknowledged his influence on their thought, it is generally agreed that it was Gilles Deleuze's 1966 Bergsonism that marked the reawakening of interest in Bergson's work. Deleuze realized that Bergson's most enduring contribution to philosophical thinking is his concept of multiplicity. Bergson's concept of multiplicity attempts to unify in a consistent way two contradictory features: heterogeneity and continuity. Many philosophers today thinks that this concept of multiplicity, despite its difficulty, is revolutionary. It is revolutionary because it opens the way to a reconception of community. (www.plato.stanford.edu)

BERGSON’S INTUITION

BY: SYEDA AREEBA TARIQ

HENRI BERGSON:
He wrote a book ‘THE CREATIVE MIND’ in 1946. This book is an introduction to metaphysics which consist of collection of essays and lectures concerning the nature of intuition, explaining how intuition can be used as a philosophical method. Metaphysics is the branch of philosophy in which the nature of being and world is taken into context. Whereas, two important questions are answered 1.what is there? And 2.what is it like? I would be explaining what intuition according to Bergson is and why it is called philosophical method. INTUITION:

DEFINITION OF INTUITION:
* An immediate cognition of object not inferred or determined by a previous cognition of the same object. * Untaught pure knowledge.
EXPLANATION:
Philosophical definition of intuition says that it is an immediate process of knowing of some object not by reasoning or analyzing the previous knowing of the same object. It is therefore, said to be pure or untaught knowledge that one acquires at an instant. ACCORDING TO BERGSON:

According to Henry Bergson intuition is described as a method of 'thinking in duration' which reflects the continuous flow of reality. A SMALL PRACTICE THAT LED TO INTUITION:
Once he was rolling and unrolling thread and said that this represent man’s sense of mortality and the continual gain of new memory; a spectrum of a thousand shades with a current of feeling running through them, collecting and retaining them,...
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