Hemp Cultivation in China

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International Hemp Association
Hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) Cultivation in the Tai'an District of Shandong Province, Peoples Republic of China Robert C. Clarke Naturetex International B.V. Van Diemenstraat 192 1013 CP Amsterdam The Netherlands Clarke, R.C. 1995. Hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) Cultivation in the Tai'an District of Shandong Province, Peoples Republic of China. Journal of the International Hemp Association 2(2): 57, 60-65. This paper summarizes the history of hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) cultivation and traditional use in the Tai'an District of Shandong Province in the People's Republic of China, and investigates the cultivation and processing techniques currently being employed to produce hemp ribbon and hemp seed. Recent production levels and market conditions are reviewed. Comparisons with Hungarian hemp cultivation and processing, being representative of Western hemp production, are provided where appropriate. Wild types and escaped plants are also described.

Dedicated to the advancement of Cannabis, through the dissemination of information December 1995

Journal of the International Hemp Association Vol. 2 No. 2

Introduction
Hemp is cultivated for its strong bast fiber throughout many of the numerous fertile inland valleys of Shandong Province, Peoples Republic of China. Hemp cultivation in China dates back more than 5,000 years and according to local legend, the peasant farmers of Shandong Province have grown hemp for more than a thousand years. Hemp is produced almost entirely by ancient traditional methods and local hemp farming practices have been influenced very little by modern Western techniques. However, a modern hemp degumming, spinning, and weaving mill was constructed in the village of Dong Ping in Tai'an District in 1987. In 1993, a Chinese-Dutch joint venture Figure 1. Shandong hemp farmers use traditional methods to grow and process their crop. invested in the hemp mill and began to influence the local cultivation, market structure, and processing of hemp. This article documents the traditional hemp farming practices and current market situation, especially with reference to the sudden and rapid changes brought about through the influence of Western agricultural advisors, modern cultivation equipment and the introduction of improved hemp varieties. Continued on pg. 60

Shandong cultivation 57 Letters 59 Fiber hemp cultivars 66 Medical Cannabis review 74 New cannabinoid antiemetic 76 Ukranian seed 79 Tasmanian research 82 Interview 86 ICRS symposium 88 Colorado hemp act 92 Canada report 96 Austria report 98 German textiles 101 Book reviews 103 NAIHF 104 Debate Corner 106 Journal of the International Hemp Association, Volume 2, Number 2, 1995

58

DEAR MEMBERSHIP
First, we owe our readers and authors an apology for all of the typographic errors and other mistakes apparent in our last issue. Because of editorial staff changes and scheduling pressures, proof-reading of that issue after its preliminary page set-up was sorely inadequate. We hope you will agree that this issue has returned the JIHA to its previous editorial standards. The 1995 VIR/IHA Cannabis Germplasm Preservation Project was again successful and a preliminary report is presented in this issue. The IHA still owes the Vavilov Research Institute (VIR) of Russia US$ 5,000 for its work with the 1995 Cannabis seed reproductions. The 1996 project will require about US$ 20,000 and we must have funding organized by early Spring. We are extremely concerned about our ability to finance the VIR project in its fourth and final year. A grant support application for the VIR project has been made, but we are still interested to hear of any other such funding sources. Several of our members have made substantial donations, including: Don Wirtschafter of Ohio Hempery (US$ 500), John Roulac of Hemptech (US$ 250), Dr. J. P. Mathieu of FNPC (US$ 100) and Matthijs T. Huijgen (US$ 100). Generosity such as this, keeps the VIR project alive. Help...
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