"a man who lives correctly, following the ideals
of honor, courage and endurance in a world that
is sometimes chaotic, often stressful, and always painful." This essay will develop different aspects of the Code Hero seen in many of Hemingway´s writings. “The Hemingway “code” consists of standards and forms of conduct by which a man can confront the realities of “nada” (of chance, accident, destruction and death) with dignity, and thus by which he can impose a measure of purpose, order, meaning and value upon his life”. In fact the concept of “dignity” is one of the bases for the code. In the case of this notion Hemingway believed and stated that it is connected to “moral integrity”, and according to Hemingway any of his characters would, in one way or another, look to achieve this goal. Many critics have defined dignity as: “self-control in the face of nada (…). Such self-control is a visible expression of the self-discipline, knowledge, skill and poise a man must achieve – as well as the honesty, courage, persistence and stoic endurance he must possess in order to confront the vicissitudes of his life and the inevitability if his death on his own terms and with honor”. It is important to set the main characteristics of the code, which are: * grace under pressure
* and personal honor
In both stories, these characteristics can be seen in different characters and situations. Here, this essay will only exemplify some aspects of the code, using as a guide “A farewell to arms” and “Indian Camp”, as well as the general view of the author –Hemingway- as setting himself in the stories (as a character but with different names). “Every man´s life ends the same way.
It is only the details of how he lived and
how he died that distinguish one man from another”.
In Ernest Hemingway´s “A farewell to arms”, we can see the writer himself as one of the main characters. In fact it is in 1918 that he enlisted as a volunteer for ambulance service in Italy, where he was wounded and two times decorated for his services. In this story Hemingway describes the courage of young American soldiers, men and women who had volunteer and of many other characters that he had encountered during the war. On the other hand, in “Indian camp”, a story about Nick Adams, Hemingway describes the way in which this character confronts different circumstances of life, witnessing life and death; and how he deals with them along the story, the analysis he makes when talking to his father, or in the different series of stories about “Nick Adams”. The character goes through an initiation or ritual passage, as many critics have described these types of stories. In order to explain the concept of “grace under pressure” it is necessary to use examples from both stories. In the case of “A farewell to arms” chapter III: “When I came back to the front we still live in that town. There were many more guns in the country around and the spring had come. The fields were green and there were small green shoots on the vines, the trees along th road had small leaves and a breeze came from the sea. I saw the town with the hill and the old castle above it in a cup in the hill with the mountains beyond, brown mountains with a little green on their slopes.” In this quote it is possible to see a good example of the concept being discussed. Because, even though the main character is back to the front, a place where a lot of things are happening, it is one of the main places where war occurs, he shows himself as delighted by the scene. He describes the place, the town, and the calm that brings to him in such a way that not even the presence of more guns and the war will change that place. Then in “Indian Camp”, at the beginning of the story, it is not Nick but his father who shows himself calm and relaxed about the situation: “Nick´s father ordered some...