UNIVERSITY OF CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS International General Certificate of Secondary Education
FIRST LANGUAGE ENGLISH Paper 3 Directed Writing and Composition Additional Materials: * 9 2 8 7 0 5 3 9 2 8 *
October/November 2011 2 hours
READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST If you have been given an Answer Booklet, follow the instructions on the front cover of the Booklet. Write your Centre number, candidate number and name on all the work you hand in. Write in dark blue or black pen. Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid. Answer two questions: Question 1 (Section 1) and one question from Section 2. Dictionaries are not permitted. At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together. The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question. All questions in this paper carry equal marks.
This document consists of 4 printed pages.
DC (CW) 35800/4 © UCLES 2011
2 Section 1: Directed Writing 1 Read the fact file below and the magazine article (printed on the opposite page) about home-schooling. Imagine that your aunt and uncle are considering educating your cousin, a spoilt only child, at home and have asked for your opinions. Write a letter to them in which you should explain: • • • the advantages of being home schooled the reasons why home-schooling may not be advisable why you would or would not recommend home-schooling for your cousin.
Base your letter on the fact file and the magazine article. Be careful to use your own words. Begin your letter, ‘Dear Aunt and Uncle …’. You should write between 1½ and 2 sides, allowing for the size of your handwriting. Up to 10 marks are available for the content of your answer and up to 15 marks for the quality of your writing. 
HOME-SCHOOLING FACT FILE • • • • • The most common reason for choosing home-schooling is that parents are not satisfied with local schools. Many home-schooled children are allowed to sit exams or participate in clubs and social activities in a local school. Research shows that home-schooled children consistently outperform school-educated children at all academic levels. A significantly higher proportion of home-schooled students, compared to school students, goes on to university. Many universities claim that they do not discriminate against home-schooled students.
© UCLES 2011
3 In this magazine article, a university student describes the experience of being home educated. I don’t have a single GCSE or A-level, but I’m in my third year at Oxford University, studying law. I was home educated from the age of 8 until 18. One of the universities I applied to responded by email, saying: ‘Did you forget to fill the form in?’ It’s tricky and expensive to get qualifications if you’re home educated, especially if you want to do lots of them, and there’s no incentive for schools to assist pupils educated at home. Some universities refused to consider my application; Oxford was marvellous, though, and treated me like any other candidate. Home-education was never the plan. My school closed down when I was eight, in the middle of the academic year. My parents asked me if I’d like to give home-education a go. I agreed, and I always enjoyed it. My father went out to work whilst my mother worked from home, but she was there all the time for us. She had done a bit of teaching before, although she isn’t qualified. Home-education is much less drastic than people imagine. It’s not as though you’re in your house all day, never meeting people. Other children are only in school for six hours a day, after all. The only difference is that for those six hours you are not sitting in a classroom, but getting around and leading a more active life. My parents allowed my younger brother and me to take our own approach to studies – we were supervised, but it was very informal. We never had deadlines, exams,...
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