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By | October 2012
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Jordan Kranick
AP US History
Mr. Sherlock
Question #4

Religious tolerance increased in the American colonies in the 17th and 18th centuries because Martin Luther broke away from the Catholic Church and made Protestantism. In Rhode Island Williams built the first Baptist Church at Providence, and was probably the first Baptist Church in America. John Calvin elaborated on Luther's ideas and founded Calvinism in his Institutes of the Christian Religion.

In Rhode Island, Williams built the first Baptist Church at Providence, and was probably the first Baptist Church in America. There was complete freedom of religion in Rhode Island, even for the Jews and Catholics. There was no oaths required regarding one's religious beliefs. Also there was no compulsory attendance at worship.

Martin Luther broke away from the Catholic Church and made Protestantism. Luther declared the Bible alone was the source of God's word, only faith alone will determine salvation. He denounced authority of priests and popes.

John Calvin elaborated on Luther's ideas and founded Calvinism in his Institutes of the Christian Religion. God is all powerful and all-good. Humans because of original sin, were weak and wicked. God is all-knowing and knew beforehand who was going to heaven and hell. The “elect” were those chosen by God to have eternal salvation. “Good works” did not determine salvation. However, one could not be immoral since no one knew their status before God.

In conclusion John Calvin elaborated on Luther's ideas and founded Calvinism in his Institutes of the Christian Religion. Martin Luther broke away from the Catholic Church and made Protestantism. In Rhode Island, Williams built the first Baptist Church at Providence, and was probably the first Baptist Church in America

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