Heirachy of Management

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Hierarchy of management

Management and risk control of financial institutions

A Thesis Presented

A Thesis Presented
The Committee on Academic Degrees
In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements
For a Degree with Honors
Of M.Com

Business School,
The University of Lahore
(January, 2010)


Dedicated to my beloved parents and those friends & teachers who helped me with their precious ideas regarding this study


I am so grateful to Almighty Allah for helping me in the completion of this task. I am too thankful to my parents who brought me at this stage and supported me in every walk of life and I would like to thank our respected teacher Sir Usman saeed for his role played in our studies and I am sure that their work will prove itself as an asset in our practical life and it will have a lot of benefits for us in our future concerns.

Table of Contents
Chapter NO (1)5
Chapter NO ( 2)7
Literature review7
Chapter NO (3)12
Levels of Management by (Robert Anthony)14
Strategic management:14
Quality management:16
Identifying a problem17
Types of goals19
Functions of management20
Planning and performance21
Types of plans21
Types of departmentalization23
Measuring actual performance28
Comparing actual performance against standard28
Chapter NO (4)31
Types of risk31
Mitigation of Operational risk33
Market risk39
Examples of market risk:40
Chapter No (5)41
Financial institutions41
Basic functions44
Chapter No (6)46
Risk control of financial institutions46
Risk management plan48
Risk reduction50
Chapter NO (7)51
Stock markets51
Introduction of the KASB securities limited :52
Principal Purpose for the Offer:52
Future Prospects53
Risk Factors53
Chapter NO(8)57

Chapter NO (1)


Risk control of financial institutions is a big term which behind a very big meaning in its nature. It means to measure and manage the risk of financial institutions. The risk management is a term describing by a wide variety of techniques typically starts rather automatically in different business lines within a financial institutions. To compare these techniques however one has to come up with on overall standard to measure risk. Risk is a concept that is given different definitions. Risk is a unacceptable lass which you have to bear. Risk concerns the expected value of one or more future events technically the value of those results may be positive or negativity. However general usage tends focus only on potential harm that may arise from a future event which may occur either from incurring a cost or by failing to attain some beneficial. Means risk is expected result of future results or the result of these events may be positive or negative. You don’t know about certainty or uncertainty you only estimate but you cannot estimate the exact true situations you know the word the higher risk higher profit butt we can not know our gain or loss. However general usage tends occur only on potential harms that may arise from a future event. Which we have to bear by bearing a cost or sometimes we can not attain benefits that we expected from the business. The risk management can be considered the identifications and assessment of risks. Risk from comes from certainties in financial markets , project frailer ,legal liabilities credit risk accidents natural causes and disasters as well as deliberates attacks from on adversely. The strategies to manage the risk include transferring the risk to another party avoiding the consequences of a particular risk. Management is that cording works activities. So that they are complete the work effectively and efficiently. The risk management is a protestations process is followed where by the risk with...
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