Hebrew Literature is consists of ancient, medieval, and modern writings in the Hebrew language. It is one of the primary forms of Jewish literature, though there have been cases of literature written in Hebrew bynon-Jews. Its twin foundations are the Bible and the Talmud.
Beyond comparison, the most important of such works in Hebrew is the Bible. • Bible – written law
1. Old Testament
• 39 books
2. New Testament
• 27 books
• Talmud – oral law
What is it that sets the wisdom of the Hebrews apart from the other cultures of their time? There are lots of differences in the assumptions that formed the framework for the Hebrew thinking apart from the other nations at that time, the most distinguishing being their beliefs about God. Unlike other cultures of that time, the Hebrew people believed in one God, and His Name was YHWH. That, in it, was distinctive because most cultures engaged in polytheistic worship, wherein not one god, but many were exalted. Yet, it is not merely their belief in one God that set the foundation for Hebrew thinking and living; it is what they believed about Him that made the difference. [Egyptians and Babylonians had a complex system of religion that included a multiplicity of gods, often represented by animals such as a cat, baboon, or lion.] The Hebrew people saw God as one who was actively involved in human life. He created all things (Psalm 104:24), sustains all things (Psalm 145:16), is sovereign over all things (Psalm 67:4) and so demands the respect and worship of his handiwork (Psalm 150:6). The god of the Hebrews was not dependent upon them; they were vitally dependent upon Him. Hebrew literature is generally emotional and compassionate because of the language itself. According to what I have read, Hebrew language is considered complete and ideal; it is thought to have harmony and balance in its structure; it is free of error and contradiction, and...
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