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Encouraging Positive Behaviour in the Early Years
A Practical Guide
2nd edition Collette Drifte

© Collette Drifte 2004, 2008 First edition published 2004 Reprinted, 2005, 2007 Second edition published 2008 All material on the accompanying CD-ROM can be printed off and photocopied by the purchaser/user of the book. The CD-ROM itself may not be reproduced in its entirety for use by others without prior written permission from SAGE. The CD-ROM may not be distributed or sold separately from the book without the prior written permission of SAGE. Should anyone wish to use the materials from the CD-ROM for conference purposes, they would require separate permission from SAGE. All material is © Collette Drifte, 2008 Apart from any fair dealing for the purposes of research or private study, or criticism or review, as permitted under the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act, 1988, this publication may be reproduced, stored or transmitted in any form, or by any means, only with the prior permission in writing of the publishers, or in the case of reprographic reproduction, in accordance with the terms of licences issued by the Copyright Licensing Agency. Enquiries concerning reproduction outside those terms should be sent to the publishers. SAGE Publications Ltd 1 Oliver’s Yard 55 City Road London EC1Y 1SP SAGE Publications Inc. 2455 Teller Road Thousand Oaks, California 91320 SAGE Publications India Pvt Ltd B 1/I 1 Mohan Cooperative Industrial Area Mathura Road, Post Bag 7 New Delhi 110 044 SAGE Publications Asia-Pacific Pte Ltd 33 Pekin Street #02-01 Far East Square Singapore 048763 Library of Congress Control Number: 2008921378 British Library Cataloguing in Publication data A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library ISBN 978-1-84787-374-3 ISBN 978-1-84787-375-0 (pbk)

Typeset by C&M Digitals Private Ltd., Chennai, India Printed in Great Britain by The Cromwell Press Ltd, Trowbridge, Wiltshire Printed on paper from sustainable resources

For Reinhard, with my love

Contents
CD-ROM contents Acknowledgements About the author How to use this book 1 How to make sure your setting is fully inclusive An overview of SEN legislation Inclusion or integration – are they the same thing? Does inclusion have any advantages? So how do we ‘do’ inclusion? How can we avoid exclusive practices? How can we develop inclusive practices? Some practical strategies to ensure inclusion of children with behavioural difficulties The child and inclusion What else can I do? The setting and inclusion Persona dolls 2 How to write a positive behaviour policy for your setting What is a policy? Why does your setting need a positive behaviour policy? What needs to go into a positive behaviour policy? Can you stand up to self-scrutiny? Who plans and uses the policy? How do we go about it? Involving the children in the planning process Involving the parents or carers in the planning process Involving outside agents in the planning process How to put your planning into practice 3 How to write Individual Education Plans to encourage positive behaviour Some factors that can influence behaviour Identifying and recording inappropriate behaviour Planning and writing IEPs: some general principles The IEP form Writing the IEP Writing a Positive Behaviour IEP Working with the child and their parents in planning IEPs Other people who may be involved Reviewing an IEP 4 How to reduce inappropriate behaviours while encouraging positive ones Behaviour management theory (or ‘Cause and effect’) The ABC approach xi xiii xv xvii 1 2 4 5 6 7 8 8 10 11 13 14 17 17 18 18 20 24 24 25 27 28 29 35 36 38 42 44 45 46 49 51 54 61 62 62

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ENCOURAGING POSITIVE BEHAVIOUR IN THE EARLY YEARS

Observations suitable for the ABC approach Strategies for encouraging positive behaviour Children for whom English is an additional language Some strategies for working with children with EAL Assessment of the child with EAL Case studies Suggested responses...
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