Health System in Egypt

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Health Systems Profile- Egypt

Regional Health Systems Observatory- EMRO

Contents
F O R E W O R D ................................................................................................................ 5 1
E X E C U T I V E S U M M A R Y ......................................................................................... 7 2
S O C I O E C O N O M I C G E O P O L I T I C A L M A P P I N G ..................................................... 11 2.1
Socio-cultural Factors ................................................................................. 11 2.2
Economy ................................................................................................... 11 2.3
Geography and Climate .............................................................................. 12 2.4
Political/ Administrative Structure ................................................................ 12 3
H E A L T H S T A T U S A N D D E M O G R A P H I C S .............................................................. 14 3.1
Health Status Indicators ............................................................................. 14 3.2
Demography .............................................................................................. 15 4
H E A L T H S Y S T E M O R G A N I Z A T I O N ..................................................................... 17 4.1
Brief History of the Health Care System ....................................................... 17 4.2
Public Health Care System .......................................................................... 17 4.3
Private Health Care System......................................................................... 20 4.4
Overall Health Care System ........................................................................ 21 5
G O V E R N A N C E /O V E R S I G H T ................................................................................ 23 5.1
Process of Policy, Planning and management ............................................... 23 5.2
Decentralization: Key characteristics of principal types ................................. 24 5.3
Health Information Systems........................................................................ 27 5.4
Health Systems Research............................................................................ 28 5.5
Accountability Mechanisms ......................................................................... 28 6
H E A L T H C A R E F I N A N C E A N D E X P E N D I T U R E ...................................................... 29 6.1
Health Expenditure Data and Trends ........................................................... 29 6.2
Tax-based Financing .................................................................................. 32 6.3
Insurance .................................................................................................. 33 6.4
Out-of-Pocket Payments ............................................................................. 40 6.5
External Sources of Finance ........................................................................ 41 6.6
Provider Payment Mechanisms .................................................................... 41 7
H U M A N R E S O U R C E S ......................................................................................... 45 7.1
Human resources availability and creation ................................................... 45 7.2
Human resources policy and reforms over last 10 years................................ 55 8
HEALTH SERVICE DELIVERY..................................................................................... 59 8.1
Service Delivery Data for Health services ..................................................... 59 8.2
Package of Services for Health Care ............................................................ 63 8.3
Primary Health Care ......................................................................................
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