Health & Social Care P4 M3

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P4: Explain possible priorities and responses when dealing with two particular incidents or emergencies in a health or social care setting.

M3: Discuss health, safety or security concerns arising from a specific incident or emergency in a health or social care setting.

D2: Justify responses to a particular incident or emergency in a health or social care setting.

Emergency: Earthquake
An emergency is an unexpected situation that poses immediate risk to health, property or environment. Emergencies require immediate and direct actions in order to prevent or reduce the possible after effects of this emergency. The Civil Contingencies Act 2004 defines emergency as ‘an even or situation which threatens serious damage to human welfare, the environment or security in a part of the United Kingdom’. Emergencies focus on three types of threat. Those are threats to the environment, people’s welfare and security.

An earthquake is an emergency because it is unexpected and cause severe damage to environment and properties or lands. It can also severely harm human beings who happen to be in the designated area. In order to be prepared for unexpected situations like this there are some procedures people can follow to ensure safety around them. These are before the earthquake happens • Make sure to have a working fire extinguisher, communication device and torchlight. • Learn first aid

• Learn how to turn off the gas, water and electricity • Make a plan and an escape route and an assembly point to meet your family after the earthquake. • Don’t leave heavy objects on shelves.

• Learn the earthquake plan at school or workplace.
During an earthquake procedures have to be taken to ensure maximum safety. • Stay calm. If indoors then stay in and if outdoors stay out. • If you're indoors, stand against a wall near the centre of the building, stand in a doorway, or crawl under heavy furniture (a desk or table). Stay away from windows and...
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